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Geographical Sciences

The Department of Geography offers opportunities for study leading to bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

Geographical Sciences: Students who wish to pursue a B.Sc. in Geography should opt for the Geographical Sciences Major. The program focuses on the fundamental interactions between life (including human societies) and the Earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere. Students in the program will build upon a broad base in the basic sciences by completing at least two of five upper-year "areas" in biogeography, climatology, geographic information science, geomorphology, or hydrology. With appropriately selected electives, this specialization forms a suitable basis for completing the academic requirements for registration as a Professional Geoscientist, which is legally required of all people practicing geoscience in Canada. Students are also encouraged to consider biogeoscience related electives in other departments.

For more information contact the Department of Geography, 604.822.2663.

For information on the Bachelor of Arts, see Major in Geography. For information on advanced degrees, see graduate Geography.

Major (3428): Geographical Sciences (GEOB)

To meet Geographical Sciences specialization requirements, students must complete at least 9 credits of GEOB courses during years 1 and 2, and 18 credits of GEOB courses at Upper Level (years 3 and 4).

First Year12
Communication Requirement1 6
GEOB 102 (or BIOL 1212), GEOB 103 6
Two of CHEM 121, 123 (or 111, 113)5, PHYS 100-level5 6
MATH 100 or 102 or 1043 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1054 3
Electives5,8 6
Total Credits 30
Second Year12
Two of GEOB 2007 (or 204), GEOB 206 (or EOSC 222), GEOB 207 (or BIOL 230) 6
GEOB 270 3
One of CHEM 205, EOSC 211, CPSC 3016, MATH 200, 221 3
GEOG 211 or SCIE 220 3
Electives8 15
Total Credits 30
Third Year and Fourth Years12
Selections from GEOB sub-disciplines9 18
GEOB 30910 3
One of GEOG 374, BIOL 300, FRST 231, STAT 200 3
One of GEOB 370, 373, 409, ATSC 303 3
One of GEOG 310, 311, ISCI 3608 3
One of GEOG 312, 315, 316, 318, 319, ENVR 4108 3
Electives8,11 27
Total Credits 60
Total Credits for Degree 120
Selections in Geographical Sciences
To ensure breadth, students must select a total of 18 credits from at least two of the following sub-disciplinary areas:
Biogeography: GEOB 307, 400, 407, 449, BIOL 301, 306, 402, 406, 411, 412, 413, 416
Climatology: GEOB 300, 304, 400, 401, 402, 449, ATSC 301, 303, CHEM 302, EOSC 340
Geographic Information Science: GEOB 370, 373, 449, one of GEOB 372, 479, 472
Geomorphology: GEOB 308, 405, 406, 449, EOSC 330, 350
Hydrology: GEOB 305, 403, 408, 449, EOSC 329, 428, 429, 430, CHEM 301, ENVR 420
1 For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. Three credits of the Communication Requirement may be deferred until second year.
2 Students without Biology 12 must take BIOL 111 or 112 before taking BIOL 121.
3 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
4 MATH 121 may substitute for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit.
5 If the two-course combination of first year PHYS and CHEM courses exceeds 6 credits surplus credit may be applied to electives. PHYS chosen from 100-level PHYS courses, excluding PHYS 100. Students without Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 before taking other 100-level PHYS courses. Students may defer taking first year PHYS until second year.
6 CPSC 301 can only be taken by students with third-year standing.
7 GEOB 200 is required to complete the climatology area.
8 Electives must be chosen so that along with required courses, the program minimum total of 120 credits includes a minimum of 72 science credits, 12 Arts elective credits, 9 credits in fields outside Geography (all of GEOG and GEOB), and 48 upper-level credits, of which 30 must be in science. Surplus elective credit taken in first or second year can be applied to third or fourth year as elective credit.
9 See list of selections in sub-disciplinary areas of Geographical Sciences at the start of the footnotes.
10 Field Course must be taken in May preceding fourth year; extra fee to be paid.
11 Students interested in pursuing registration as a Professional Geoscientist in Environmental Geoscience with the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of BC (APEGBC) should consult the Geography Department science advisor and select their electives accordingly. Students are also encouraged to consider Environmental Geoscience-related courses in other Departments or a minor in a specialization in Earth Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences (EOAS). Please see the Field of Geography.
12 To meet Geographical Sciences specialization requirements, students must complete at least 9 credits of GEOB courses during years 1 and 2, and 18 credits of GEOB courses at upper level (years 3 and 4).

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