- ASTR 110 (3)
**Astrophysics I** - Physical principles of the celestial sphere, laws of motion, light, and optics; observational techniques using earth-based telescopes, artificial satellites, and inter-planetary probes; planets, moons, and smaller bodies in our solar system. Three-hour biweekly lab; satisfies 3 credits of science lab requirement for B.A. graduation. Credit will be granted for only one of ASTR 110, 111, 112. [3-3*-1]

*Prerequisite:*One of Foundations of Mathematics 12, Pre-Calculus 12, Principles of Mathematics 11; and Physics 11.

- ASTR 111 (3)
**Astronomy I** - General principles of the celestial sphere, laws of motion, light, and optics; observational techniques using earth-based telescopes, artificial satellites, and interplanetary probes; planets, moons, and smaller bodies; some observational work. Three-hour biweekly lab; satisfies 3 credits of science lab requirement for B.A. graduation. Credit will be granted for only one of ASTR 110, ASTR 111, ASTR 112. [3-3*-0]

*Prerequisite:*Foundations of Mathematics 11 is strongly recommended.

- ASTR 112 (3)
**Astronomy I (Non Lab)** - General principles of the celestial sphere, laws of motion, light, and optics; observational techniques using earth-based telescopes, artificial satellites, and interplanetary probes; planets, moons, and smaller bodies. Does not satisfy science lab requirement for B.A. graduation. Credit will be granted for only one of ASTR 110, 111, 112. [3-0-0]

*Prerequisite:*Foundations of Mathematics 11 is strongly recommended.

- ASTR 120 (3)
**Astrophysics II** - Modern stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astrophysics, emphasizing stars and stellar evolution from protostars to black holes; galaxies, clusters of galaxies, and quasars; large-scale Universe and cosmology structure; special and general relativity. Three-hour biweekly lab; satisfies 3 credits of science lab requirement for B.A. graduation. Credit will be granted for only one of ASTR 120, 121, 122. [3-3*-1]

*Prerequisite:*One of Foundations of Mathematics 12, Pre-Calculus 11, Principles of Mathematics 11; and Physics 11.

- ASTR 121 (3)
**Astronomy II** - Emphasizes modern stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astronomy; stars and stellar evolution from protostars to black holes; galaxies, clusters of galaxies, and quasars; large-scale structure of the Universe and cosmology. Three-hour biweekly lab; satisfies 3 credits of science lab requirement for B.A. graduation. Credit will be granted for only one of ASTR 120, ASTR 121, ASTR 122. [3-3*-0]

*Prerequisite:*Foundations of Mathematics 11 is strongly recommended.

- ASTR 122 (3)
**Astronomy II (Non Lab)** - Emphasizes modern stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astronomy; stars and stellar evolution from protostars to black holes; galaxies, clusters of galaxies, and quasars; large-scale structure of the Universe and cosmology. Does not satisfy science lab requirement for B.A. graduation. Credit will be granted for only one of ASTR 120, 121, 122. [3-0-0]

*Prerequisite:*Foundations of Mathematics 11 is strongly recommended.

- ASTR 210 (3)
**Physical Processes in the Universe** - Introduction to observational conventions. Applications of physics to astronomical systems, including orbital mechanics, radiative processes. Introduction to stellar properties and atmospheres, accretion, and general relativity including black holes and modern cosmology. [3-0-0]

*Prerequisite:*MATH 101 and either (a) one of PHYS 102, PHYS 121 or (b) a score of 68% or higher in PHYS 112 and a score of 68% or higher in PHYS 122.