Freshwater Science

Major in Freshwater Science

The Freshwater Science program integrates and synthesizes aquatic aspects of biology, chemistry, geography, and earth and environmental sciences. Students will study water quality and quantity, aquatic organisms, and the health of aquatic ecosystems.

This program prepares students for careers related to inland aquatic ecosystems. Graduates of this program will acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to deal with future national and international freshwater environmental problems - both in water quality and quantity. In addition to employment in freshwater and environmental sectors, graduates will be prepared for graduate study and research in freshwater science.

First Year Credits
BIOL 116, 125 6
CHEM 111 or CHEM 121; and CHEM 113 or CHEM 123 6
EESC 101, 111 6
MATH 100, 101 6
PHYS 111 or 112; and PHYS 102 or 122 6
Total Credits 30
Second Year
BIOL 201 3
BIOL 202, STAT 230, or equivalent course (e.g.: GEOG 271; PSYO 271; SOCI 271) 3
CHEM 201 or 210 3
EESC 205, 212, 222 9
Two of ENGL 112 or 114, 113, 150, 151, 153 6
Arts electives1 6
Total Credits 30
Third and Fourth Years
BIOL 308, 3752 6
CHEM 211 3
CHEM 301 3
EESC 301 3
EESC 402 3
One of EESC 305, 342, 413, 435 3
Two of CHEM 321, EESC 309, EESC 323, EESC 423 6
One of EESC 313, 314, 315, 360 3
Arts electives1 6
Electives (Arts or Science)1 9
Upper-level Science electives 9
Upper-level electives (Arts or Science) 6
Total Credits 60
Minimum Credits for Degree 120
1 At least 18 credits (including the 6 credits in first-year English) must be in Arts courses.
2 In lieu of BIOL 375, two of BIOL 204, 205, 209, 210 will be accepted.

Freshwater Science Honours Program

The Freshwater Science Honours program is designed for dedicated students in Freshwater Science desiring a recognized research component in their B.Sc. degree. Course requirements are similar to the Freshwater Science Major but with the addition of an approved EESC 449 (Honours Thesis Project).

Admission Requirements

  • Fourth-year standing;
  • A minimum overall grade average of 75%; and
  • Enrolment in EESC 449 with a research project and supervisor approved by the academic unit head.

Graduation Requirements

  • Completion of the course requirements for the Major in Freshwater Science;
  • A 75% overall grade average;
  • A minimum average of 70% in all upper-level Earth and Environmental Sciences courses; and
  • EESC 449 with a minimum grade of 75%. A written thesis is required and must be publicly presented either as a seminar or poster.

Page last updated: May 2, 2017

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