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Faculty of Land and Food Systems

APBI: Applied Biology

APBI 100 (3) Soil and the Global Environment
Soil as the base of the Earth's ecosystem pyramid. The interconnection between soil, climate change and human activity, the carbon cycle, water resources, food security, food safety, and biofuel production. Strategies for sustaining soil resources.
APBI 200 (3) Introduction to Soil Science
Physical, chemical and biological properties of soils; soil formation, classification, use and conservation. There are no prerequisites for this course, but background in Biology 12, Chemistry 12, and Physics 12 (or first-year university-level) is strongly advised. [3-2]
APBI 210 (4) Vascular Plants
A comparative study of pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms, integrating form, function, and ecology. [3-3]
Prerequisite: Either (a) all of BIOL 121, BIOL 140 or (b) all of SCIE 001, BIOL 140. Or (c) 7 credits of first-year biology.
Equivalency: BIOL 210.
APBI 222 (3) Introduction to Horticulture
The cultivation of key temperate fruits, vegetables, greenhouse, ornamental and nursery crops in BC, integrated with scientific and practical aspects of their sustainable production and marketing.
APBI 235 (3) Biotechnology in Agricultural Food Production
Genetics, genomics, and biotechnology concepts with applications to agricultural food production and food safety. [3-3]
Prerequisite: All of BIOL 112, BIOL 121, BIOL 140.
APBI 244 (3) Atmospheric Environments
Physical principles underlying weather and climates. Thermal, moisture and wind climates from the scale of plants and animals to the globe. Daily weather systems and climate change. Credit will be granted for only one of GEOS (or GEOB) 200, GEOS (or GEOB) 204 or APBI 244.
Equivalency: GEOS 200.
APBI 260 (6) Agroecology I: Introduction to principles and techniques
Biophysical and socioeconomic factors affecting systems management and production in selected agroecosystems.
APBI 265 (3) Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems
Principles and practices necessary to understand practical concerns of sustainable food systems. Students who already present credit for APBI 260 are not permitted to receive credit for APBI 265. [1-3-0]
APBI 290 (3) Introductory Topics in Applied Biology
Analysis and interpretation of current issues in applied biology. Topics will vary from year to year.
APBI 311 (3) Comparative Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Osmoregulatory Physiology
Cardiovascular, respiratory and osmoregulatory physiology of vertebrates.
Prerequisite: BIOL 204 and one of BIOL 260, BIOL 361. And 3rd year standing.
Equivalency: BIOL 364.
APBI 312 (3) Reproductive and Digestive Physiology
Reproductive and digestive physiology, and current technologies applied to these systems in domestic and wild animals.
Prerequisite: One of BIOL 204, BIOL 260. 3rd year standing.
APBI 314 (3) Animals and Society
Contemporary use of animals for food production, companionship, recreation and science; social and ethical issues concerning human impacts on animals; animals in human culture; protection of animals by society and the law.
Prerequisite: At least third-year standing in any faculty.
APBI 315 (3) Animal Welfare and the Ethics of Animal Use
Scientific assessment of animal well-being, ethical concepts applied to animal use, and animal welfare issues arising in agriculture, biomedical research and other areas. Credit will be granted for only one of APBI 315, ANSC 515, or AANB 515. [1-0-3]
Prerequisite: At least third-year standing in any faculty.
APBI 316 (3) Equine Biology, Health and Welfare
Anatomy, physiology, reproduction, nutrition of the horse; common disease pathology, prevention and treatments; equine behaviour. [3-0]
APBI 317 (3) Welfare and Ethics of using Animals in Science
Historical and current debate, ethical perspectives, governance, and scientific understanding of experiences of animals in research.
APBI 318 (3) Applied Plant Breeding
Small-scale classical (i.e., non-biotechnological) plant breeding. Hands-on, application-oriented approach to techniques and procedures for managing seed inventories, designing and implementing a simple plant breeding program, and evaluating the impact of selection on breeding populations and desired outcomes.
APBI 319 (3) Aquaculture and the Environment
Interactions between aquaculture and the environment. Current issues, comparison of systems, species, production methods, environments, and socioeconomics.
Prerequisite: One of BIOL 230, APBI 260, APBI 265, CONS 330, ENVR 200, ENVR 300 and third year standing. Or permission of the instructor.
APBI 322 (4) Horticultural Techniques
Horticulture theory and methodology in an experiential learning format. Plant identification, seeding, propagation, canopy management, cultivation media, horticultural systems examined in the context of integrated crop management.
APBI 324 (3) Introduction to Seed Plant Taxonomy
Introduction to seed plant taxonomy emphasizing descriptive morphology and identification. Each student will be required to submit a plant collection. [2-3-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
Equivalency: BIOL 324.
APBI 326 (3) Introductory Plant Pathology
Study of the ecology of plant pathogenic organisms; principles of disease development and control. [3-1-0]
APBI 327 (3) Introduction to Entomology
A survey of the structure, classification and biology of insects; ecology and life-histories of insects; insect-plant relations. [2-3-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
Equivalency: BIOL 327.
APBI 328 (4) Weed Science
Importance, identification, dissemination and biology of weeds; preventive, cultural, biological and chemical methods of control. [3-2-0]
Equivalency: BIOL 317.
APBI 342 (3) Soil Biology
The diversity of soil organisms (bacteria, protozoa, fungi, animals, plants) in natural and managed ecosystems; roles in primary production, nutrient cycling, decomposition and reclamation; interactions between soil organisms; responses to environmental change. [2-3-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
Equivalency: FRST 310.
APBI 351 (4) Plant Physiology
Mechanisms and regulation of functional processes contributing to the assimilation, transport and utilization of water, mineral nutrients and carbon by plants. [3-3-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121 and either (a) CHEM 123 or (b) all of CHEM 111, CHEM 113. CHEM 233 is recommended.
Equivalency: BIOL 351, FRST 311.
APBI 360 (3) Agroecology II: Application and analysis
Animals and Plants as Components of Agricultural Ecosystems. A systems approach is used to investigate the functions and interactions of plants and animals in agricultural systems.
Prerequisite: One of BIOL 230, APBI 260, APBI 265.
APBI 361 (3) Key Indicators of Agroecosystem Sustainability
A detailed exploration of biophysical, economic, and social ecosystem sustainability indicators for primary production subsystems. [1-0-3]
APBI 365 (6) Summer Practicum in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems
Based at the UBC Farm. Application required. Fees will be assessed to meet expenses.
Prerequisite: One of APBI 260, APBI 265 and third-year standing.
APBI 398 (3) Research Methods in Applied Biology
Research methods including research design, scientific critique, writing proposals and reports, and oral presentation.
Prerequisite: Third-year standing in the Applied Biology program or permission of the instructor.
APBI 401 (3) Soil Processes
Integration of soil physics, chemistry, and biology in understanding essential soil processes. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: APBI 200.
APBI 402 (3) Sustainable Soil Management
Application of fundamental, unifying, soil science principles in sustainable ecosystem management. [1-0-3]
Prerequisite: APBI 200.
APBI 403 (3) Soil Sampling, Analyses and Data Interpretation
Field and laboratory analytical techniques in the chemical, biological and physical assessment of soils. Credit will be granted for only one of SOIL 503 or APBI 403. [1-3-0]
Prerequisite: APBI 200.
APBI 405 (3) Plant-Water Relations for Sustainable Agriculture
Plant water requirements for production and survival, physiological stress thresholds, soil-plant-atmosphere interactions, structure-function relationships, cutting-edge and traditional monitoring tools, precision agriculture, application for sustainable water management.
Prerequisite: One of APBI 210, BIOL 210.
APBI 410 (3) Applied Animal Health and Physiology
Application of physiology and pathology principles to health and disease of domestic animals. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 201 and one of APBI 311, CAPS 301.
APBI 411 (4) Reproductive Physiology and Technology
A comparative overview of reproductive physiology and reproductive technologies in domesticated and laboratory animals. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 201. Third year standing or higher.
APBI 412 (3) Belowground Ecosystems
Concepts, methods, and applications of belowground ecology with emphasis on biotic interactions in soil; roles that aboveground and belowground communities play in regulating the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems and their responses to global change. Credit will be granted for only one of FRST 512 or APBI 412. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Fourth year standing in a Bachelor of Science Program. Permission is required for registration.
APBI 413 (3) Stress and Coping in Animals
Understanding, assessing, and managing stress in farm, companion, captive wildlife, and research animals: sources of stress; behavioural, emotional, cognitive, and physiological responses; effects on growth, reproduction, health.
Prerequisite: Third-year standing or higher. APBI 315 and courses in animal physiology and animal behavior recommended.
APBI 414 (3) Animals and Global Issues
Research seminar integrating diverse information to address global animal issues including: animal-source foods and human health, environmental impact of livestock production, trade in exotic animals. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: One of APBI 314, APBI 315.
APBI 415 (3) Applied Animal Behaviour
Application of principles and research methods of animal behaviour to practical problems in the care of farm, companion, wild and research animals, and in animal training, and human-wildlife conflict. [3-0-0]
APBI 416 (3) Compassionate Conservation
Evaluation of humane treatment of individual animals living in the wild and managed within conservation biology. Assessment of attitudes and viewpoints of the role of animal welfare in conservation biology.
Prerequisite: Third-year standing or higher. APBI 315 and BIOL 416 or CONS 330 recommended.
APBI 417 (4) Production and Postharvest Physiology of Vegetable Crops
Morphology, growth and development, production, compostition, quality, and postharvest physiology of vegetable crops. [3-2-0]
APBI 418 (3) Intensive Fish Production
Management of fin fish throughout the life cycle; broodstock, egg, larvae, and juvenile. Control of environmental factors, including pathogens, for maximum productivity at all life stages. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: Third-year standing or higher. One of APBI 311, BIOL 204 or BIOL 260. APBI 312 recommended.
APBI 419 (3) Fish Health
Management of fish health in aquaculture; common fish pathogens, epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of diseases.
Prerequisite: Third year standing or higher. One of APBI 311, BIOL 204 or BIOL 260. APBI 312 and APBI 418 strongly recommended.
APBI 423 (3) Ecological Restoration
Ecological principles relevant to restoration of ecosystems are applied to the restoration of several types of ecosystems.
Prerequisite: APBI 200 and one of FRST 201, APBI 260, BIOL 230.
Equivalency: UFOR 403.
APBI 426 (3) Plant-Microbe Interactions
Biology and physiology of selected plant-microbe relationships. Impacts of plant-microbe relationships on society.
Prerequisite: BIOL 200 and one of BIOC 202, BIOC 203, BIOL 201, BIOL 233, BIOL 234, BIOL 260.
Equivalency: BIOL 421.
APBI 427 (3) Insect Ecology
Behavioural, population, and community ecology of insects. Interaction between insects and plants and the application of the principals of insect ecology to biological control of insects and weeds. [3-0]
Prerequisite: Either (a) BIOL 205 or (b) all of BIOL 327, APBI 327.
Equivalency: BIOL 411.
APBI 428 (3) Integrated Pest Management
Development and implementation of multi-disciplinary pest management programs in agricultural crops. [3-2]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
APBI 440 (3) Plant Genomics
Concepts, principles, and recent discoveries in genome structure and comparative genomics in plants with a focus on economically important plants; applications of genomics approaches to questions in plant genetics, evolution, and ecology. [3-0-0]
Corequisite: BIOL 335.
Equivalency: BIOL 440.
APBI 442 (3) Wine Grape and Berry Biology
Grapevine genetics, morphology, and physiology and major biological features of other important berry crops for British Columbia such as blueberry, cranberry, and raspberry. Credit will be granted for only one of APBI 442, APBI 443, or PLNT 542.
Prerequisite: All of BIOL 112, BIOL 121 and one of BIOL 200, BIOL 201, APBI 210, BIOL 210.
APBI 443 (3) Field Study of Wine Grape Production
Lectures, field trips, laboratory sessions focused on major issues related to grape and wine production. Origin of grape varieties and rootstocks, morphological features of the grapevine, training systems, canopy management strategies, berry composition, the impact of terroir on wine quality. Credit will be granted for only one of PLNT 542, APBI 442 OR APBI 443.
Prerequisite: One of BIOL 112, BIOL 121. And one 200-level BIOL course.
APBI 444 (3) Agroforestry
An introduction to the application of knowledge and principles of agroecology and forest ecology to global agroforestry systems. The course includes a one-weekend field trip that requires a supplemental fee. [1-0-3]
Prerequisite: An undergraduate course in ecology or equivalent.
Equivalency: FRST 444.
APBI 460 (3) Agroecology III: Synthesis and evaluation
The relationship between biological diversity and sustainability in food producing agroecosystems; emphasis on ecological similarities between natural ecosystems and managed agroecosystems.
Prerequisite: APBI 360 or equivalent.
APBI 461 (3) Applied Agroecology
Analysis and solution of problems in agricultural production systems through the integration and application of agroecological knowledge and principles. [1-0-3]
APBI 462 (3) Conservation Agriculture and Biodiversity Monitoring
Biodiversity indicators and basic monitoring methods. Sources of agroecosystem biodiversity, including plants, insects, soil invertebrates, and vertebrates. Proficiency in using techniques to measure key abiotic factors in the field.
Prerequisite: One of BIOL 300, GEOG 374, FRST 231, LFS 252. APBI 260 recommended
APBI 463 (3) Insects in Agroecosystems
Insect ecology and evolutionary biology of pests, predators, pollinators and other insect groups in agroecosystems. Application to biodiversity management and sustainable agricultural practices.
Prerequisite: One of APBI 327, BIOL 327 and one of BIOL 300, GEOG 374, FRST 231, LFS 252, STAT 200.
APBI 465 (3) Capstone in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems
Integrates classroom and applied learning at the UBC Farm with design project. [1-3-0]
Prerequisite: APBI 365.
APBI 490 (3) Advanced Topics in Applied Biology
Analysis and interpretation of current issues in applied biology.
Prerequisite: 3rd year standing or higher.
APBI 495 (6) Human Wildlife Conflict
Evaluation of the impacts of human wildlife conflicts on wildlife populations; application of innovative methods to reduce human wildlife conflicts. [2-0-1]
Prerequisite: Third-year standing or higher. BIOL 230 or FRST 395 and APBI 315 or APBI 416 recommended.
Equivalency: CONS 495.
APBI 496 (3/6) c Applied Animal Biology Practicum
Application of principles and concepts of Applied Animal Biology to experiential learning in the fields of wild, companion, lab, and farm animal welfare and management.
Prerequisite: Third-year standing or higher. APBI 314 and/or APBI 315 are recommended.
APBI 497 (2-6) d Directed Studies
Prerequisite: Approval of program advisor.
APBI 498 (3) Undergraduate Essay
Preparation of a comprehensive and analytical review of an approved topic under the supervision of a faculty member. Consultation with a program advisor is required.
APBI 499 (6) Undergraduate Thesis
Design and execution of an experimental/analytical research project leading to the preparation of a thesis.
Prerequisite: Approval of a program advisor; consult before the end of classes in third year.

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