Download a PDF of this section: Courses Print this page Email this page

Faculty of Forestry

FRST: Forestry

FRST 100 (3) Sustainable Forests
An overview of forests and forestry. Survey of the disciplines, areas of study, and values that frame sustainable management of forests in BC and the world. Assignments focus on critical thinking and written communication skills. [3-0-0]
FRST 200 (3) Forest Plant Biology I
The structure, diversity and development of trees and other plants, with emphasis on the angiosperms. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
FRST 201 (3) Forest Ecology
The structure and function of forest ecosystems, including: energetics; productivity; nutrient, carbon and water cycling; soils; the physical environment; population and community ecology; disturbance ecology; ecological succession; biological diversity and ecological resilience. [3-2-0]
Corequisite: FRST 200.
FRST 202 (3) Forest Ecology
The Ecosystem concept; energy biomass and nutrient cycling; the physical environment; population and community ecology; succession, Biogeoclimatic classification and some coastal ecosystems. Available only through Distance Education. [3-2]
Corequisite: FRST 200.
FRST 203 (3) Silvics of Forest Trees of Western Canada
Ecological and silvical characteristics of forest trees; assessment of ecological site quality and biogeoclimatic classification; application of silvics in silviculture. A plant herbarium of at least 50 species is required. Only available through Distance Education. [3-2]
Prerequisite: FRST 202.
FRST 210 (3) Forest Plant Biology II
The functional biology of trees and other forest plants in their environment, with an emphasis on gymnosperms. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 200.
FRST 211 (3) Forest Classification and Silvics
Forest classification and the application of silvics in forest management, including world forest classification systems, the Biogeoclimactic Ecosystem Classification system, and ecosystem diagnosis in the field. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 201.
FRST 231 (3) Introduction to Biometrics
Basic theories of probability and statistics. Sampling distribution, methods of estimation and hypothesis testing; goodness of fit and tests for independence; analysis of variance, regression and correlation. Consult the Faculty of Science Credit Exclusion Lists: www.students.ubc.ca/calendar/index.cfm?tree=12,215,410,414. [3-2-0]
Corequisite: One of MATH 100, MATH 102, MATH 104, MATH 180, MATH 184, MATH 190.
FRST 232 (3) Computer Applications in Forestry
Techniques involved in solving forestry problems with microcomputers using word processing, spreadsheet, procedural language, and database management tools. [3-2]
FRST 239 (3) Tree and Stand Level Measurements
An introduction to measurement of individual trees and stands; use of aerial photographs, maps, and various measurement instruments. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: All of FRST 231, FRST 232.
FRST 248 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Faculty of Forestry. Orientation workshops required. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 270 (3) Community Forests and Community Forestry
Community forests and community forestry throughout the world, with special attention to participation by aboriginal peoples; emphasis is on forms of governance, public participation, and adaptive learning. [3-0-0]
FRST 302 (3) Forest Genetics
Population genetics and conservation of genetic resources; principles of genetics and their application to forestry. [2-2]
FRST 303 (3) Principles of Forest Science
Introduction to growth of trees and forests with emphasis on evolutionary, ecological and environmental aspects. Not available for credit to undergraduate students in the Faculty of Forestry. [3-0-0]
FRST 304 (3) The Science Underlying Forestry Issues
Examination of current forestry issues with specific reference to their scientific basis. Not available for credit to undergraduate students in the Faculty of Forestry. [3-0-0]
FRST 305 (3) Silviculture
Silviculture concepts and principles; stand dynamics; artificial and natural regeneration; cultural techniques for forest stand establishment and stand tending; silvicultural systems; decision making and development of prescriptions; connections to forest planning. [3-4*]
Prerequisite: All of FRST 201, FRST 351.
FRST 307 (3) Biotic Disturbances
Concepts of disturbance ecology with special reference to insects and diseases in the forests of British Columbia; forest health problems in the biogeoclamatic zones of BC; present management strategies and future potentials in a scenario of climate change. [3-3-0]
Prerequisite: All of FRST 210, FRST 211.
FRST 308 (2) Forest Entomology
An introduction to insects that cause damage to forests and forest products; how insects live; life cycles and attack symptoms of representatives of major groups of insects; principles for control and management. Available only through Distance Education.
FRST 309 (2) Forest Pathology
Biology and management of forest tree diseases. Available only through Distance Education.
FRST 310 (3) Soil Biology
The diversity and interactions of soil organisms (bacteria, protozoa, fungi, animals, plants) in natural and managed ecosystems; roles in primary production, nutrient cycling, decomposition and reclamation; responses to environmental change. [2-3-0]
Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
Equivalency: APBI 342.
FRST 311 (4) Plant Physiology I
Mechanisms and regulation of functional processes contributing to the assimilation, transport and utilization of water, mineral nutrients and carbon by plants. CHEM 203, CHEM 213, or CHEM 233 and CHEM 235 is recommended. [3-3-0]
Equivalency: BIOL 351, APBI 351.
FRST 318 (3) Forest and Conservation Economics
Practical problem solving of economic issues related to forestry and conservation, touching on investment analysis, capital budgeting, non-timber economics, ecosystem services, and forest certification. Completion of FRST 232 or intermediate knowledge of MS Excel essential. [2-3-0]
Prerequisite: ECON 101.
FRST 319 (3) Principles of Forestry Economics
Introduction to the economics of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services produced by, and dependent on, the forest resource. Available only through Distance Education.
Prerequisite: One of ECON 101, ECON 301.
FRST 320 (3) Abiotic Disturbances: Fire and Climate
Ecological effects of fire and climatic (wind, temperature, and snow) disturbances; fire danger rating, principles of fire management and prescribed fire use; windthrow risk modeling and management. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: All of FRST 210, FRST 211.
FRST 339 (3) Forest Level Measurement and Productivity
Obtaining and forecasting information for stands and forests. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 239.
FRST 346 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Facutly of Forestry. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 347 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Faculty of Forestry. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 348 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Faculty of Forestry. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 351 (2) Interior Field School
Field study at an interior BC location concentrating on land use, management and silviculture. Fees will be assessed to meet expenses.
Prerequisite: FRST 201.
FRST 385 (3) Watershed Hydrology
Measurement and analysis of hydrological processes in response to forest management activities. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing.
FRST 386 (3) Aquatic Ecosystems and Fish in Forested Watersheds
Effects of forest management activities on fish and aquatic ecosystems. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing in Forestry, Science or Applied Science.
FRST 395 (3) Forest Wildlife Ecology and Management
Biology of important bird and mammal species resident in forested regions, with particular emphasis on the influences of silvicultural and logging practices. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: One of FRST 201, BIOL 230, BIOL 306.
FRST 399 (3) Introduction to Research Methods
Lectures and seminars in research philosophies and the scientific method, with special emphasis on field research. [2-1]
FRST 403 (3) The Sustainability of Production in Managed Forest Ecosystems
Study of the functional and dynamic characteristics of forest ecosystems and their response to forest management using ecosystem-level microcomputer simulation models. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 201.
FRST 404 (4) Advances in Silviculture
Fundamental silvicultural problems; the application of research findings to the practice of silviculture. [4-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 305.
FRST 406 (3) Advanced Forest Pathology
Hereditary, physiological, anatomical, environmental, and microbiological factors influencing forest tree diseases. Given in alternate years. [2-2]
FRST 408 (3) Problems of Forest Entomology
Decision-making in the protection of forests from insects. Insect problems viewed from other disciplines of forestry. Bases of biological and economic evaluation, and choice of control methods. [2-2]
Prerequisite: One of FRST 308, APBI 327, BIOL 327.
FRST 410 (3) Introduction to Landscape Ecology and Management
Current concepts, methods, and applications of landscape ecology with emphasis on spatial patterning, spatial heterogeneity, and dynamics; problem-solving approaches to natural resource issues through the application of landscape ecological principles and tools. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Fourth-year standing
FRST 411 (3) Complex Adaptive Systems, Global Change Science, and Ecology Sustainability
Concepts of complex adaptive systems (CAS); exploration of how CAS can be used to manage natural and social environments for multiple goals under changing climatic and socio-economic conditions. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Third-year standing
FRST 413 (3) Ecological Plant Biochemistry
The structure, biosynthesis, distribution and biological function of secondary plant metabolites. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Either (a) all of BIOL 200, BIOL 201 and one of BIOL 209, BIOL 210; or (b) all of FRST 200, FRST 210.
Equivalency: BIOL 462.
FRST 415 (3) Sustainable Forest Policy
The development, implementation, and analysis of forest policy. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing.
FRST 421 (3) Quantitative Forest Management
Introduction to the quantitative tools necessary in forest management. Available only through Distance Education.
FRST 424 (10) Sustainable Forest Management
Integration of biophysical and socio-economic components of forest management. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [0-0-20]
Prerequisite: Fourth year standing in the B.S.F. program.
FRST 430 (3) Advanced Biometrics
Analysis of variance, multiple regression and analysis of covariance. Design and analysis of experiments. [3-2]
Prerequisite: FRST 231.
FRST 432 (3) Molecular Ecology
Use of molecular genetic tools to investigate ecological processes in natural population; DNA variation and its application in landscape genetics, phylogeography, behavioural ecology, conservation genetics, and association genetics. Emphasis placed on statistical and computational data analysis. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: One of BIOL 234, FRST 302.
FRST 436 (3) Growth and Yield
Techniques of growth and yield projection and discussion of modelling approaches. Exploration of stand dynamics, quantitative implications of management treatments and environmental limitations to tree and stand growth. [2-2-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 339.
FRST 439 (3) International Forestry
The socio-economic, biological and technological aspects of forestry within the international frame, in both the developed and developing world. Regional studies and the role of national and international agencies. [2-2-0]
FRST 443 (3) Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Management
Basic biological concepts related to interpretation of remote sensing data for land management, including the use of films and filters, and interpretation of air photographs, and other imagery. [2-2-0]
FRST 444 (3) Agroforestry
Integration of farms and forests, including tropical agroforestry systems, non-timber forest products, forest farming, woodlot management, silvopastoralism, riparian buffers, windbreaks, soil fertility improvement and nutrient cycling. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: One of FRST 201, APBI 260.
Equivalency: APBI 444.
FRST 446 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Faculty of Forestry. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 447 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Faculty of Forestry. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 448 (3) Co-operative Work Placement
Supervised work experience in an approved organization for a minimum of 15 weeks. Restricted to students in the Co-operative Education Program in the Faculty of Forestry. Final work term report required. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 449 (1-6) c Directed Studies in Forestry
In special cases and with the approval of the instructor concerned, a student may carry on directed studies of specific problems in forestry.
FRST 452 (2) Coastal Field School
Site diagnosis and preparation of management options in coastal forests. Extrasessional course; fees will be assessed to meet expenses.
Prerequisite: Third or fourth year-standing in the B.S.F. program.
FRST 470 (3) Forests and Society
Social aspects of forestry and forest communities. [3-0-1]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing.
FRST 485 (3) Forest Watershed Management
Effects of land management on quality, quantity and timing of water flow. [3-2-0]
Prerequisite: FRST 385.
FRST 490 (3) Visual Resource Management and Planning for Aesthetics
Methodologies for visual analysis, perceptions, planning & management of urban, natural and working landscapes, and implications for sustainable land-use management & community engagement. Credit will be granted for only one of FRST 490 or FRST 551. [2-2]
Prerequisite: Third-year standing.
Equivalency: LARC 542.
FRST 491 (3) Visualization and Forest Design
GIS-based spatial planning and 3D landscape visualization for forest management. [3-0-1]
Prerequisite: Third- or fourth-year standing.
FRST 492 (3) Environmental Perception
How individuals perceive their environment. Emphasis will be given visual perception in the context of natural resource issues and the effects of those perceptions on individuals including issues of human wellbeing. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: Third-year standing
FRST 495 (3) Biological Diversity and Forest Management
Principles, problems, and practices of managing forests and nature reserves for biological diversity; integration of forestry and wildlife with particular emphasis on diversity of all life forms. [2-2-0]
Prerequisite: All of FRST 201, FRST 395.
FRST 497 (2) Graduating Essay or Technical Report
A technical description of a study or a detailed literature review of at least 4,000 words, developed under the guidance of a Faculty member. Available only to students in their graduating year.
FRST 498 (6) B.Sc. Thesis in Forestry
An independent study or research project of a subject of special interest to the student under the direction of a staff member. The subject must be appropriate to the student's area of concentration.
FRST 499 (6) B.S.F. Thesis
An independent study or research project on an approved topic, developed under the guidance of a Faculty member. Available only to students in their graduating year.
FRST 502 (3) Tropical Rainforests: Evolution, Biology, Ecology
Evolution and current structure, functions and diversity of moist evergreen and semi-evergreen forests of the humid tropics. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 503 (3) Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory
Techniques of purification, cloning, sequencing, restriction-hybridization analysis of plant nucleic acids, in-vitro labeling of plant nucleic acids and proteins, and electrophoresis and immunodetection of plant proteins. Offered by the Biotechnology Teaching Laboratory in cooperation with the Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences. Admission to the course is limited and requires recommendation from the department head. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 504 (3) Landscape Ecology
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 505 (1-6) c Directed Studies in Forest Science
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 506 (3) Advanced Forest Pathology
Hereditary, physiological, anatomical, environmental, and microbiological factors influencing forest tree diseases. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 507 (1-6) d Topics in Forest Science
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 508 (3) Forest Insect Ecology
Interactions between insects and forests; evaluation of current approaches to research in forest entomology; examination of theories and axioms; application of ecological principles in pest management. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 510 (3) Applied Population Genetics
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. Equivalency: BIOL 510.
FRST 512 (3) Belowground Forest Ecosystems
Review of current literature on specific topics in forest soil ecology, including bacterial endophytes, microbial diversity, nutrient cycling, and mycorrhizae. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 513 (3) Biotechnology in Tree Improvement
Advanced research topics and their application to forest genetics. Emphasis on molecular genetics and experimental protocols. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: BIOL 335 or permission of the instructor.
FRST 516 (3) Tree Physiology
Growth and development of woody plants; physiological responses to abiotic and biotic environmental factors; consequences of silvicultural practices on physiological processes. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-2]
Prerequisite: One of FRST 311, BIOL 351, APBI 351.
FRST 519 (3) Forests and Society
Emphasis on tropical and sub-tropical countries, where the majority of forest-dependent people live. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 520 (3) Land and Forest Resource Economics
Applications of advanced theory and quantitative analysis to problems in forest resource and land economics; multiple land use; institutions for sustainable land use; optimal management and policy. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-0]
Equivalency: AGEC 520.
FRST 521 (1-6) c Topics in Forests and Society
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 522 (4) Social, Community, and Indigenous Forestry
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 523 (3) Forest and Environmental Policy
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 524 (3) Environmental Perception
Perceptual processes mediating behaviour in humans, with special attention given to the emotional processing of visual stimuli. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 525 (3) Visualisation Theory and Applications
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 526 (1-6) c Directed Studies in International Forestry
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 527 (3) People and Forests: An International Perspective
Biodiversity loss, deforestation, desertification, salinization, air pollution and climate change facing world forests. Credit will be granted for only one of FRST 439 or FRST 527. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 528 (3) Social Science Research Methods for Forestry and Conservation
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 529 (3) Ecological Economics
Emphasis on forested ecosystems. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: ECON 301.
FRST 530 (3) Multiple Regression Methods
Matrix algebra; algebra and inference of multiple linear and multiple curvilinear regressions for solution of problems in forestry and related fields. Non-linear regression. Methods of least squares for analysis of variance and covariance. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 531 (3) Multivariate Statistical Methods
Multivariate analysis of variance, cluster, principal components, factor, canonical and discriminant analysis. Theory and conceptual background are presented but emphasis is on selection of appropriate analysis and interpretation of results. Examples from forestry and related fields are analysed by computer programs at UBC. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 532 (1-6) c Directed Studies in Forest Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 533 (1-6) c Problems in Statistical Methods
Directed studies in problems of advanced statistical techniques as a tool in forest research. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 534 (4) Natural Resources Economics
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 535 (3) Global Environmental Issues and Forests
Socio-economic, biological, and technological problems affecting forests and forest-dependent communities. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 536 (1-6) c Advanced Studies in Forest Mensuration
Development and analysis of forest inventory systems; sequence and patterns of tree growth; analysis of crown development; improvement of stand growth and yield; methods of biomass analysis. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 537 (1-6) d Topics in Forest Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 538 (3) Advanced Remote Sensing
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 539 (1-6) c Problems in Forest Sampling
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 540 (3) Application of Operational Research Methods in Forest Management
Use of operational research methods in forest planning models; emphasis on algorithms, problem formulation and interpretation of results. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 542 (4) Forest Policy and Law
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 543 (4) Development of Forestry Institutions
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 544 (3) Technical Communication Skills I
Principles and practice of oral presentations. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 545 (3) Technical Communication Skills II
Theory and practice of technical communication necessary for preparation of effective scientific reports, reviews, grant proposals, journal articles and theses. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 546 (3) Research Methods and Philosophies in Science
Lectures and seminars in research philosophies and methods with special emphasis on field and applied research. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-0]
FRST 547 (3) Forestry in British Columbia
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 548 (3/6) c Major Essay
For non-thesis master's degree programs. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 549 (6-18) c Master's Thesis
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 550 (6-18) c M.A.Sc. Thesis
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 551 (3) Landscape Planning for Sustainability
Analysis, perception, planning of landscapes, and integration of social acceptability with sustainability. Credit will be granted for only one of FRST 490 or FRST 551. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: LARC 542.
FRST 552 (3) Tropical Forests: Management and Conservation
The use, management, and conservation of tropical and sub-tropical forests. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 553 (4) Forest Governance
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 554 (3) Forest Products and Services
Global trends in products and services. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 555 (3) Fundamentals of Sustainable Forest Land Management
Concepts and principles at the site and landscape scale. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 556 (3) Land Information Acquisition and Analysis
Principles and application of data acquisition and use. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 557 (6) Site-Level Forest Land Management
Design and implementation of site-level plans that integrate ecological, social, and economic components: silviculture, forest operations, and forest health. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 558 (9) Landscape-Level Forest Land Management
Preparation of landscape-level sustainable forest management plans that integrate ecological, social, and economic components. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 559 (4) Natural Resources Planning
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 560 (4) Forest Business Enterprise
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 562 (1) Topics in International Forestry
Contemporary and emerging issues in international forestry. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 563 (3) Globalization and the Marketing of Wood Products
This course explores globalization, its impact on developing and developed countries, what this means to world trade in forest products and emerging trends in globalization and the environment. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 570 (1-6) c Directed Studies in Wood Science and Forest Products
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 572 (1-6) d Topics in Wood Science and Forest Products
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 573 (3) Advanced Wood Physics
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 576 (3) Advanced Wood Mechanics
Analysis and design of structural wood products, influences of material inhomogeneity and variability; creep and time dependent fracture phenomena; structural performance of wood products such as panel products, lumber, glued laminated timber and I-Beams. Impact of codes on marketing of structural wood products. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 578 (1-6) c Directed Studies in Forest Business and Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 580 (1-6) d Topics in Forest Business and Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 583 (3) Wood Physics and Mechanics
Wood-water interactions: thermal and electrical properties and heat transfer in wood; stress-strain relationships; fracture mechanisms (static and dynamic); the influence of material variability, changing resource characteristics, temperature, time and moisture content on mechanical properties and structural use of wood. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-0]
FRST 588 (3) Fluvial Ecohydrology
Hydrology, geomorphology and ecology of streams and their catchments; significance of stream processes within the fluvial network; management issues, particularly in the context of forest harvesting. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 590 (3) Statistical Methods in Hydrology
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 592 (3) Hydrological Modelling Applications in Forestry
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 598 (3) Tracer Methods in Hydrology
Application and modelling of natural and artificial tracers in hydrological systems to study transport behaviour and watershed processes. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
FRST 649 (0) Doctoral Dissertation

a place of mind, The University of British Columbia

Student Services
Vancouver Campus
1874 East Mall
Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1Z1

Emergency Procedures | Accessibility | Contact UBC | © Copyright The University of British Columbia