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Commerce, Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration

COMM: Commerce

In general, not all of the prerequisites for Commerce courses are listed. Students must be registered in the same year level as the course they intend to register in. For example, eligiblity for Commerce 400-level courses requires a student to have completed second and third-year Commerce, and to be registered in fourth year. Students should refer to the Commerce website or contact the Undergraduate Office regarding course prerequisites and variations from standard program sequences. Additional fees are charged for some courses.


COMM 100 (3) Introduction to Business
An overview of all functional areas of business. Students will be introduced to the computer and internet tools commonly used in business. For non-Commerce students only.
COMM 101 (3) Business Fundamentals
The different disciplines of business and their combination in management planning and decision-making. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 120 (3) Business Immersion
A broad introduction to the field of business and how the different disciplines within business interact and combine in business decision-making. For Master of Management - Dual Degree Option students only. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 126 (3) Data: Description, Display, and Inference
Introduction to the use of data and statistics to convey information on important issues of the world economy. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 126 or COEC 126. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COEC 126.
COMM 186 (1.5-12) d Topics in Business I
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 201 (3-36) d Study Abroad, Non-Commerce
A study abroad program developed in cooperation between UBC Faculty of Commerce and another institution offering a set of courses tailored to a particular field of study. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 202 (1) Career Fundamentals
Fundamentals of career management including effective resume and cover letter writing, performing well in interviews and learning about the recruiting cycles, networking and resources available at the Hari B. Varshney Business Career Centre. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 203 (3) Managing the Employment Relationship
The role of employment relations in enterprise performance. Managing employees under statutory law, collective bargaining, and progressive human resource management. Key issues in forming, developing, and maintaining a work force. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 203 or COMM 392. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 292 and either (a) all of ECON 101, ECON 102 or (b) ECON 100.
Equivalency: COMM 392.
COMM 204 (3) Logistics and Operations Management
The design and management of systems to make products, provide services and deliver them to the end user. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 204 or COMM 399. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 290, COMM 291.
Equivalency: COMM 399.
COMM 205 (3) Introduction to Management Information Systems
Overview of computer technology and terminology; use of computers as managerial and administrative tools; the management of computer resources and the influence of information technology within the organization. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 205 or COMM 391. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COMM 391.
COMM 220 (3) Business Communications and Ethics
An experiential course covering a broad range of business writing and communications. Ethical challenges and issues will be presented throughout the course and form an integral part of the content, particularly in the major assignments and in-class activities. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 280 (3) Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurial essentials from creating viable opportunities through building a founding team, strategic planning, going to market, fleshing out an organization and planning the future of the business.
Equivalency: COMR 280..
COMM 286 (1.5-12) d Topics in Business II
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 290 (3) Introduction to Quantitative Decision Making
Introduction to decision models in business, including basic optimization, linear programming, probability, decision analysis, random variables, simulation, and solving decision problems using spreadsheet tools. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Corequisite: One of MATH 100, MATH 102, MATH 104, MATH 110, MATH 120, MATH 180, MATH 184.
Equivalency: BUSI 290.
COMM 291 (3) Application of Statistics in Business
Methods and applications of statistics in business; data analysis, descriptive regression; data generation; sampling distributions; hypothesis testing; confidence intervals; two sample problems; inference in regression. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 290.
Equivalency: BUSI 291.
COMM 292 (3) Management and Organizational Behaviour
Behaviour in organizations as it affects people as individuals, their relationships with others, their performance in groups and their effectiveness at work. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 293 (3) Financial Accounting
Introduction to the construction and interpretation of financial reports prepared primarily for external use. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 293 or COEC 293. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COEC 293.
COMM 294 (3) Managerial Accounting
Introduction to the development and use of accounting information for management planning and control and the development of cost information for financial reports. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 293.
COMM 295 (3) Managerial Economics
Economic foundations of managerial decision-making. Demand theory, cost and production, market structure, competitive strategy, organization of the firm, welfare-economic foundations of business regulation. Credit will be granted for only one of ECON 201, ECON 206, ECON 301, ECON 304, FRE 295 or COMM 295. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: Either (a) ECON 100 or (b) all of ECON 101, ECON 102.
COMM 296 (3) Introduction to Marketing
Basic considerations affecting the domestic and international marketing of goods and services. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Corequisite: COMM 293 and one of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 298 (3) Introduction to Finance
Introduces the basic principles of financial valuation, including the time-value of money and the risk/return tradeoff. Develops tools for the quantitative analysis of corporate and/or individual financing and saving decisions, and of capital budgeting decisions. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 298 or COEC 298. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. [3-0-0]
Prerequisite: All of COMM 290, COMM 293 and one of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
Equivalency: COEC 298.
COMM 300 (3-36) d Study Abroad, Commerce
A study abroad program developed in cooperation between UBC Faculty of Commerce and another institution offering a set of courses tailored to a particular field of study. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 301 (3-36) d Study Abroad, Commerce
A study abroad program developed in cooperation between the Sauder School of Business and another institution offering a set of courses tailored to a particular field of study. Pass/Fail. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 302 (3-36) d Study Abroad, Non-Commerce
A study abroad program developed in cooperation between UBC Faculty of Commerce and another institution offering a set of courses tailored to a particular field of study. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 303 (3-36) d Study Abroad, Non-Commerce
A study abroad program developed in cooperation between the Sauder School of Business and another institution offering a set of courses tailored to a particular field of study. Pass/Fail. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 306 (3) Urban Land Economics
Examines economic factors affecting the urban land market, with an emphasis on determinants of urban land values, the housing market, urban transportation, and land use policies. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 307 (3) Real Estate Investment
Evaluation of investment in real estate assets; proforma analysis, property and asset management, equity securitization, appraisal, and international real estate investment. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301 and one of COMM 297, COMM 298.
COMM 310 (3) Simulation Models in Business Decision-Making
Computer simulation, simulation languages. Typical business applications in financial planning, waiting line problems and other operating problems.
Prerequisite: COMM 291.
COMM 311 (3) Research Theory for Commerce Scholars
Social science research: theory, research design, methods, and criticism. For students in the Commerce Scholars Program only. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 320 (1.5) Financial Accounting
Preparation of financial statements and use of financial information contained in financial statements to make better decisions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 321 (1.5) Organizational Behaviour
Effects of individual and group behaviour on organizational processes and outcomes. Application of relevant frameworks from the social sciences to particular organizational situations. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 329 (3) Principles of Organizational Behaviour
An introductory examination of work organizations and the behaviour of individuals within them. Phenomena to be studied include organizational structure, environments, group processes, motivation and leadership (for non-Commerce students only). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 335 (3) Information Systems Technology and Development
Introduction to information technology related to business use. Design, implementation and application of Information Systems. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 205, COMM 391, CPSC 210.
COMM 336 (3) Introduction to e-Business
Fundamental concepts for moving into e-Business including: technology infrastructure; security; electronic payment systems; business-to-consumer and business-to business e-commerce; business models; strategy, behavioral and interface issues; legal and privacy concerns cases. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 205, COMM 391.
COMM 337 (3) Business Programming and Analytics
Introduction to object-oriented computer programming; computational thinking; program design; scripting; documentation techniques; file handling; database access; and web crawling techniques. Students will apply data structures and programming constructs to the development of business analytics and other related applications. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 205.
COMM 342 (3) Global Supply Chain & Logistics Management I - Study Abroad
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 343 (3) Global Supply Chain & Logistics Management II - Study Abroad
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 344 (3) Global Supply Chain & Logistics Management III - Study Abroad
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 345 (3) Global Supply Chain & Logistics Management IV - Study Abroad
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 349 (3) Logistics Services Management
Overview of the characteristics and commercial environment of logistics and transportation services; service operations planning and design, costing, pricing and quality management. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Corequisite: One of COMM 204, COMM 296, COMM 396, COMM 399.
COMM 353 (3) Financial Accounting: Intermediate I
An examination of accounting as a means of measurement and as an information system for external reporting purposes. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 293, COMM 294.
Corequisite: Either (a) all of COMM 297, COMM 397 or (b) COMM 298.
COMM 354 (3) Cost Accounting
The provision and analysis of cost accounting information that will assist management in making operating decisions and in evaluating operational performance. The utilization of statistical analysis and linear models is included. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 290, COMM 291, COMM 293, COMM 294.
COMM 355 (3) Income Taxation
A study of income tax from the standpoint of the individual and of business enterprise. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 293, COMM 457.
COMM 362 (3) Consumer Behaviour
The use of consumer research and theory in marketing and policy decisions. Psychological, sociological and economic theory and research relevant to consumer behaviour are considered. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 296, COMM 396.
COMM 363 (3) Marketing Analysis
Analytical methods applicable to marketing management decision making; attention to strategic considerations linking analysis of consumer data, corporate data, environmental factors, and competitive response. The course makes extensive use of micro computers. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 296, COMM 396.
COMM 365 (3) Market Research
The process of marketing research including topics such as problem/opportunity formulation, research objectives, data sources, research instrument design, sampling, data collection and processing and methods of data analysis. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 290, COMM 291 and either (a) COMM 296 or (b) COMM 396; and one of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
Corequisite: One of COMM 205, COMM 391.
COMM 370 (3) Corporate Finance
Examination of corporate enterprise decisions including capital budgeting; capital structure choice, and financial policies, tools, and valuation. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 298.
Equivalency: COEC 370.
COMM 371 (3) Investment Theory
Basic concepts of finance, including security valuation, security markets, and financial decisions concerning risk and return. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 371 or COEC 371. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 298.
Equivalency: COEC 371.
COMM 374 (3) Applied Financial Markets
Introduction to methodologies and evidence concerning the structure and operation of security markets and the valuation of financial securities including stocks, bonds, options and futures contracts; portfolio management, corporate finance and investment decisions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 370, COMM 371.
COMM 376 (3) Financial Institutions I
The financial systems in Canada; the practices of the major financial institutions; and theories of financial processes. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 297, COMM 298.
COMM 377 (3) International Financial Markets and Institutions
Structure, nature and institutions of foreign exchange markets, including spot, forward, futures, options, and offshore currency markets. Factors affecting exchange rates are also discussed. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 377 or COEC 377. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 370, COMM 371.
Equivalency: COEC 377.
COMM 379 (3) Introduction to Pensions and Insurance
Financial dimensions and institutional structure of the pension and insurance industry; calculation of annuities and other aspects of actuarial science based on probability distributions and asset returns. Suitable for students in mathematics who have taken basic finance and for commerce students in finance, accounting and related areas. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 380 (3) Co-operative Work Placement I
Approved and supervised work experience for a minimum of 3.5 months. Normally taken during the winter term of the third year. Technical report required. Restricted to students admitted to the Co-operative Education Program in Commerce. Option-specific prerequisites apply. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 381 (3) Co-operative Work Placement II
Approved and supervised work experience for a minimum of 3.5 months. Normally taken during the summer term of the third year. Technical report required. Restricted to students admitted to the Co-operative Education Program in Commerce. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 380.
COMM 382 (3) Economics of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Fundamental economic issues faced by entrepreneurs who want to commercialize innovations within start-ups and established firms. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COMR 382..
COMM 386 (1.5-12) d Topics in Business III
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. Equivalency: COMR 386.
COMM 387 (3) Entrepreneurial Finance
Financial issues encountered by those active on the investing side of entrepreneurship, such as working for banks, venture capital firms, or corporate venture organizations, or anyone interacting with entrepreneurs and private equity investors. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COMR 387..
COMM 388 (3) Design Methods for Business Innovation
Studio-based experience in thinking strategies and design processes applied to business innovation in the private, public, and social sectors. Emphasis on problem solving, co-creation, and innovation for external clients in a collaborative environment.
Equivalency: COMR 388..
COMM 389 (3) Creativity in Business
The role and importance of creativity in developing successful business solutions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COMR 389..
COMM 390 (3) Business Writing
An activity-focused course providing the opportunity to study and practice forms of writing needed in business. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of ENGL 112, ASTU 150, WRDS 150, ENGL 100, ENGL 120, ENGL 121. ENGL 1st, Arts One, a minimum of 18 cr. of Coordinated Arts Program.
COMM 393 (3) Commercial Law
Introduction to the law of contracts, with particular reference to contracts for sale of goods and related law of personal property; principles of agency, partnerships and company law. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 394 (3) Government and Business
Roles of government and business in the Canadian economy including effects of public policy on the business environment. Ethical foundations of government, business and personal decision-making. Credit will be granted for only one of COEC 394 or COMM 394. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
Equivalency: COEC 394.
COMM 395 (3) Business Communications
Understanding non-written communications in day-to-day business. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 398 (3) Introduction to Business Processes and Operations
The design and management of systems that efficiently and effectively supply products and services to the end-user. The concepts apply to a variety of settings such as manufacturing, logistics, healthcare, and others (For non-Commerce students only). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 405 (3) Real Estate Finance
The role of mortgage markets, mathematical analysis of return and valuation issue and methods of dealing with lender and borrower risk exposure. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 297, COMM 298.
COMM 407 (3) Real Estate Economics
The economics of real estate markets. Topics include real estate cycles and bubbles, search models and vacancy, the relationship between real estate and the economy, housing demand, and models of housing supply. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 408 (3) Real Estate Development
The development process from theories of development, market analysis, site selection, project design, land use regulation and financial analysis. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 297, COMM 298 and one of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 411 (3) Intermediate Business Statistics
Statistical techniques useful in business environments. Includes regression analysis, analysis of variance, forecasting, and logit and probit analysis. Credit may be obtained for only one of STAT 300, 306, and COMM 411.
Prerequisite: COMM 291.
Equivalency: STAT 300.
COMM 412 (3) Negotiation
Negotiation simulations to provide experience and confidence in the negotiation process and to develop effective skills for achieving objectives. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 414 (3) Data Visualization and Business Analytics
Descriptive analytics including data analysis and visualization. Predictive analytics including forecasting and various statistical techniques. Predictive analytics including optimization, Monte Carlo simulation, decision trees, and discrete event simulation. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 204, COMM 399.
COMM 415 (3) Quantitative Policy Analysis
Quantitative evaluation of public policies using statistical evaluation methods, cost benefit, and effectiveness analyses. Public policies affecting service provision and infrastructure investment in air, rail, marine, public transit, and pipelines evaluated on pricing, operating costs, productivity, safety, security, and the environment. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 420 (1.5) Marketing
Basic considerations affecting the domestic and international marketing of goods and services. Analytical frameworks and techniques that are used to guide marketing strategy decisions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 421 (1.5) Corporate Finance
Introduces the basic principles of financial valuation, including the time-value of money and the risk/return tradeoff. Develops tools for the quantitative analysis of corporate and/or individual financing and saving decisions, and of capital budgeting decisions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 425 (3) Research Methods for Human Resource Management
Techniques for collection and analysis of data in organizations to support adoption and administration of human resource management. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 291, COMM 292, COMM 327.
COMM 428 (3) Selected Topics in Human Resource Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. Prerequisite: All of COMM 327, COMM 425.
COMM 431 (3) Law of Business Associations
The application of various statutes to business entities including corporations, partnerships, societies, co-operatives, credit unions, trust companies and banks; the consequences of bankruptcy on legal entities.
Prerequisite: COMM 393.
COMM 434 (3) Land Law
Legal principles and concepts relating to real estate and land development. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 393.
COMM 436 (3) Information Systems Analysis and Design
The process of information systems development; modern techniques and tools for systems analysis and design. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 335, CPSC 310.
COMM 437 (3) Database Technology
Theory and technology of database management from an applications perspective; database design; database administration. Credit will not be granted for both COMM 437 and CPSC 304. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 335.
COMM 438 (3) Management of Information Systems
Managerial issues in the administration of computerized information systems. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 205, COMM 391.
COMM 439 (3) Business Telecommunications
Basic data communications concepts and technology; local area, wide area, and enterprise networks; the Internet; wireless networking; network development life cycle; network security and management. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 335.
COMM 441 (3) Advanced Business Logistics
Analysis of logistics systems within firms and across supply chains. The formulation of corporate logistics strategies. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Corequisite: One of COMM 204, COMM 399.
COMM 443 (3) Service Operations
This primarily case-based course will cover service operations in general (50%), health care operations (25%), and revenue management (25%). Applications of queuing models will be included in both services in general and healthcare. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 204, COMM 399.
COMM 444 (3) Air Transportation
An integrative treatment of air transport management including: demand analysis, sales and marketing, globalization trends, aircraft selection and fleet planning; airport economics and management. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 445 (3) Maritime and International Transportation
The characteristics of shipping services and the role of shipping services in the design and management of international logistics systems. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 446 (3) Transportation Economics
Economic characteristics of passenger and freight transportation services; market structure of the transportation industry; economic impact of public regulation and promotion and the role of economic analysis in resolving problems of Canadian policy. Credit may be obtained for only one of COMM 446, ECON 480. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301, ECON 206.
Equivalency: ECON 480.
COMM 447 (3) Applied Project Management
Evaluation of transport projects in the private and public sector; cost benefit analysis and related framework; project management, financing transport infrastructure. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 295, ECON 201, ECON 301.
COMM 448 (3) Business Logistics and Logistics Services Management
General services management including warehousing, transportation, intermodal, order-fulfillment, dispatching, and more. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 204, COMM 399.
COMM 449 (3) Supply-Chain Management
Integrated management of production and logistics systems; management of inter-organizational relationships in the supply chain, including vendor selection, bidding and negotiation processes, partnering and performance measurement. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 204, COMM 399.
COMM 450 (3) Financial Accounting - Intermediate II
Intermediate II. Continuation of the examination of accounting as a means of measurement and as an information system for external reporting purposes. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 353.
COMM 452 (3) Taxes and Decision Making
Analysis of business and financial decisions in the presence of taxes. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: BUSI 485.
COMM 453 (3) Financial Accounting-Advanced
An examination of advanced financial accounting. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 353, COMM 450.
COMM 454 (3) Accounting for Management Control and Incentives
Design of accounting systems for facilitating and influencing management decisions, with emphasis on performance evaluation in organizations. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 294.
Equivalency: BUSI 454.
COMM 455 (3) Principles of Auditing
Principles of internal control, audit evidence, sampling and testing; audit reports; standards; responsibilities of the external auditor. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 353, COMM 450.
COMM 456 (3) Information Technology Risks, Protection and Audit
Business risks associated with the use of information technology. Controls for integrity, security safety, and privacy of hardware, software, data and communications. Methods for auditing information systems and their controls. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 335.
COMM 457 (3) Fundamentals of Financial Accounting
Financial accounting for business organizations; principles and problems of accounting measurements; forms of business organizations; financing of businesses. (For non-Commerce students only). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 458 (3) Fundamentals of Managerial Accounting
Use of accounting data in decision making by businesses; financial statement analysis; cash flows; cost behaviour patterns; methods of accounting for costs. (For non-Commerce students only). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 293, COMM 457.
COMM 459 (3) Financial Statement Analysis
An examination of financial statement information from the perspective of decision makers external to the firm, e.g., investors and financial institutions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 293 and one of COMM 297, COMM 298 and one of COMM 370, COMM 397.
COMM 460 (3) Social and Nonprofit Marketing
Examines the role, use, and application of marketing in government agencies and nonprofit institutions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 461 (3) Business Development
Principles and practice of personal selling and leadership of teams: strategy, tactics, and implementation. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 296.
COMM 462 (3) Integrated Marketing Communication
Marketing communication campaign strategy, conceptual framework, and practical application for integrated marketing communications, including advertising. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 362.
COMM 463 (3) Special Topics in Marketing
An investigation of current developments in both retailing and wholesaling fields and their application to marketing institutions. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 464 (3) Digital Marketing
Investigation of Internet-based marketing, emphasizing customer-focused perspectives, competitive situations and analysis of the effectiveness of business websites using marketing principles and practices. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 296, COMM 396.
COMM 465 (3) Marketing Management
Basic considerations affecting the domestic and international marketing of goods and services. (For non-Commerce students only). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: Either (a) all of ECON 101, ECON 102 or (b) ECON 100 or (c) all of ECON 310, ECON 311 or (d) all of ECON 101, ECON 311 or (e) all of ECON 102, ECON 310.
COMM 466 (6) New Venture Design
Teams comprising students in COMM 466 and APSC 486 propose a new product, produce a viable prototype, and develop a business plan for the marketplace. Credit may only be obtained for one of COMM 466 and APSC 486. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 467 (3) Brand Management
Issues and challenges commonly faced by brand managers, including: assessing brand meaning, evaluating brand health, assessing a brand?s leverage potential, evaluating brand extensions, managing brands through a crisis, and assessing brand value. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 296.
COMM 468 (3) Marketing Applications
Applied marketing planning with emphasis on a major industrial analysis and the subsequent development of a detailed marketing plan for an operating organization. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 362, COMM 363, COMM 365.
COMM 469 (3) International Marketing
An analysis of the scope and significance of contemporary international business operations with particular reference to the marketing management problems encountered by firms with multinational branches and subsidiaries. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 296, COMM 396.
COMM 471 (3) Mergers and Acquisitions
Mergers and acquisitions as a focal point in making important corporate decisions deduced from careful study of relevant business cases. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 370.
COMM 473 (3) Business Finance
Introduction to managerial finance, including the role and functioning of financial markets, procurement of funds and financing strategies, dividend policy, capital budgeting and financial analysis and planning. (For non-Commerce students only). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: Either (a) all of ECON 101, ECON 102 or (b) ECON 100 or (c) all of ECON 310, ECON 311 or (d) all of ECON 101, ECON 311 or (e) all of ECON 102, ECON 310; and one of MATH 100, MATH 102, MATH 104, MATH 110, MATH 120, MATH 180, MATH 184.
Corequisite: One of COMM 293, COMM 457.
COMM 474 (3) Fixed Income Markets and Management
Fixed income instruments and derivatives. Risk profiles and their use in establishing fixed income investment portfolios. Performance attribution techniques. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 374.
COMM 475 (3) Investment Policy
The management of security portfolios for individual and institutional investors; relation of investment policy to money markets and business fluctuations. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 374.
COMM 477 (3) Risk Management and Financial Engineering
Principles of financial engineering and risk management. Use of derivatives in risk management. Valuation and hedging models for contingent claims. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 374.
COMM 480 (3) Co-operative Work Placement III
Approved and supervised work experience for a minimum of 35 months. Normally taken during the summer term of the fourth year. Technical report required. Restricted to students admitted to the Co-operative. Education Program in Commerce. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 381.
COMM 481 (3) Co-operative Work Placement IV
Approved and supervised work experience for a minimum of 35 months. Normally taken during the fall term of the fourth year. Technical report required. Restricted to students admitted to the Co-operative Education Program in Commerce. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: COMM 480.
COMM 482 (3) New Product Development
How new products are developed and the factors that influence success and failure throughout the various stages of development. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Equivalency: COMR 482..
COMM 483 (6) Leadership and General Management
Integration and application of business knowledge to make business decisions across disciplines; development of personal leadership ability and style. Case-based with guest speakers. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 484 (3) Sustainability Marketing
Role of marketing in creating social value. Integration of marketing fundamentals with core social, environmental, and economic principles of sustainability. Analysis of current sustainability trends. Development of strategic and practical marketing recommendations for for-profit enterprises. Potential and pitfalls of sustainability marketing. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 485 (3) Social Entrepreneurship
An applied course that examines the innovative, growing, and rapidly evolving field of social entrepreneurship, which tackles social and environmental challenges through business perspectives and methods.
COMM 486 (1.5-12) d Special Topics in Business
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. Equivalency: COMR 486..
COMM 487 (3) Environmental Management
Explores corporate environmental strategy by introducing economic principles underlying environmental policy, law, and technologies for pollution prevention and abatement, environmental management systems, ISO-14001, energy systems, eco-marketing, and life-cycle analysis. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 487 or COMM 597.
COMM 488 (3) Public Sector Management
This course focuses on some of the distinctive aspects of managing in the public sector. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 490 (3/6) d Directed Studies in Commerce
An investigation and report on a topic to be agreed upon by a member of the faculty and a senior student. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 491 (3) Strategic Management
Concepts and processes for the strategic management of private sector, single and multi-business unit enterprises are analysed using the case method. Methodologies which draw on economic and organizational theory are integrated to form the foundations for strategic analyses. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 390, COMM 395. Fourth-year standing.
Equivalency: COEC 491.
COMM 492 (3) Management Simulation
Student teams manage hypothetical firms in a complex simulation, coordinating production, finance, marketing and strategic planning in competition with other teams. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 390, COMM 395. Fourth-year standing.
COMM 493 (3) Strategic Management in Business
A conceptual and practical introduction to the major areas of business strategy with an integrative perspective on managing a business. Includes the analysis of a business and its environment, the development and evaluation of strategic alternatives, and implementation of change (For non-Commerce students only in fourth year). This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: One of COMM 293, COMM 457 and either (a) all of ECON 101, ECON 102 or (b) all of ECON 310, ECON 311 or (c) ECON 100 or (d) all of ECON 101, ECON 311 or (e) all of ECON 102, ECON 310.
Corequisite: All of COMM 329, COMM 465, COMM 473.
Equivalency: BUSI 493.
COMM 495 (3) Business and Sustainable Development
An overview of environmental issues, focusing on corporate strategy, government policy and interactions between these two sectors of the economy. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 497 (3) New Enterprise Development
The particular problems and experiences encountered in starting, developing and managing new enterprises. The course includes lectures, guest speakers, and case studies. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 390, COMM 395. Fourth-year standing.
Equivalency: COEC 497, COMR 497..
COMM 498 (3) International Business Management
Development of general environmental framework for international business studies by drawing on international and development economics, research into government-business relations and studies in comparative socio-cultural systems and political systems. Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 498 or COEC 498. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
Prerequisite: All of COMM 390, COMM 395. Fourth-year standing.
Equivalency: COEC 498.
COMM 499 (3/6) d Internship
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 505 (3) Seminar in Urban Land Economics
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 520 (3) Advanced Topics in Organizational Behaviour
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 525 (3) Introduction to Behavioural Research Methods for Business
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 528 (3) Advanced Topics in Human Resource Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 544 (3) Seminar in Transportation Economics
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 547 (3-6) d Major Essay/Industry Project
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 548 (3) Directed Study in Business Administration
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 549 (6/12) c Master's Thesis
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 581 (3) Statistical Methodology I
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 582 (3) Statistical Methodology II
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 583 (3) Forecasting and Time Series Analysis in Business Environments
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 589 (3) Consulting Practices: Applications
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 590 (3-9) d Topics in Business Administration
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 592 (3) Management Simulation
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 597 (3) Environmental Management
Credit will be granted for only one of COMM 487 or COMM 597. This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 604 (3) Advanced Topics in Urban Land Economics I
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 605 (3) Advanced Topics in Urban Land Economics II
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 609 (3) Seminar in Urban Land Economics
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 611 (3) Seminar on Theoretical Developments in Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 612 (3) Advanced Topics in Optimization
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 616 (3) Optimization Theory and Applications
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 618 (3) Discrete Optimization II
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 621 (3) Seminar in Human Resource Management
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 622 (3) Seminar in Classics and Theory Construction in Organizational Behaviour
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 623 (3) Qualitative Research Methods in Organizational Behaviour
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 625 (3) Advanced Topics in Organizational Behaviour
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 626 (3) Advanced Topics in Organizational Theory
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 627 (3) Advanced Behavioural Research Methods
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 628 (3) Organizational Studies Research Seminar
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 633 (3) Modelling Methods in the Research and Practice of Information Systems
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading. Prerequisite: At least nine graduate course credits in information system topics.
COMM 634 (3) Empirical Research Methods in Information Systems
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 635 (3) Advanced Topics in Management Information Systems
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 636 (3) Workshop in Management Information Systems
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 644 (3) Advanced Topics in Transportation
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 649 (0) Ph.D. Thesis
COMM 651 (3) Analysis of Accounting Information in Markets
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 654 (3) Analysis of Accounting Information in Organizations
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 655 (3) Stock Market Inefficiencies
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 657 (3) Empirical Methods in Accounting Research
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 658 (3) Research Seminar in Accounting
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 659 (3) Advanced Topics in Empirical Accounting Research
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 660 (3) Research Seminar in Marketing
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 661 (3) Analytical Methods and Models in Marketing
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 662 (3) Buyer Behaviour
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 663 (3) Consumer Judgment and Decision Making
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 671 (3) Theory of Finance
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 672 (3) Advanced Topics in Theoretical Corporate Finance
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 673 (3) Advanced Topics in Theoretical Asset Pricing
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 674 (3) Advanced Topics in Empirical Asset Pricing
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 675 (3) Research Seminar in Finance Workshop
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 682 (3) Advanced Topics in Stochastic Models
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 691 (3) Advanced Topics in Policy Analysis
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 692 (3) Research Seminar in Policy Analysis
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 693 (3) Seminar in Research Methodology I
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 695 (3) Advanced Topics in Empirical Corporate Finance
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.
COMM 696 (3) Applied Research in Policy Analysis and Strategy
This course is not eligible for Credit/D/Fail grading.

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