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Geography

The Department of Geography offers programs of study that lead to the degrees of Doctor of Philosophy, Master of Arts, Bachelor of Arts, Master of Science, and Bachelor of Science. The Department also participates in several interdisciplinary programs including Urban Studies and Atmospheric Sciences.

The Bachelor of Arts program includes a Major, Honours, and Minor in Geography (Human Geography), a Major and Minor in Geography (Environment and Sustainability), and a Minor in Geographic Information Science and Geographical Computation.

Students may declare a Major or Minor offered by the Department of Geography after completing 27 credits.

Combining Areas of Study

  • Students completing any Major or Honours program offered by the Department of Geography are welcome to complete a Minor in Geographic Information Science and Geographical Computation or a Minor in Urban Studies.
  • Double majoring in BA Geography (Human Geography) and BA Geography (Environment and Sustainability) is not permitted.
  • Students completing any BA Major or Honours program in Geography are not permitted to complete a Minor in Geography (Human Geography) or a Minor in Geography (Environment and Sustainability).

For course information please see the Department website.

For information on advanced degrees, see graduate Geography.

Major in Geography (Environment and Sustainability)

Lower-level Requirements

Students must take 9 credits GEOG 121, 211, GEOB/GEOS1 270; and 6 credits GEOB/GEOS1 102*, 103*; and 3 credits from GEOB/GEOS1 200, 204, 206, 207, GEOG 122, 220, 250.

*Students may obtain credit for only one of GEOS 102, GEOB 102 or EOSC 112, and only one of GEOS 103, GEOB 103 or EOSC 110. See the Science Credit Exclusion List.

Upper-level Requirements

30 credits from courses numbered 300 and higher, as follows:

Environmental Concentration

  • 6 credits GEOG 313, 314
  • 6 credits from GEOG 310, 311, 312, 316, 318, 351
  • 3 credits from GEOB/GEOS1 300, 302, 303, 304, 305, 307, 308
  • 3 credits from GEOB/GEOS1 400, 401, 402, 407; GEOG 410, 412, 419, 423

Research and Methods

  • 3 credits GEOG 374
  • 9 credits from GEOG 315 (or 379b), 319, 345, 371, 395, 410, 412, 419, 423, 429, 446, 447, 448; GEOB/GEOS1 309, 370, 372, 373, 400, 401, 402, 403, 405, 406, 407, 472, 479

Although some courses pertain to more than one requirement, no course can be counted twice (credits applied to more than one requirement) within the Major.

1As of 2021S, the course code GEOS replaced the course code GEOB. There were no changes to course content.

Recommended Program Electives

Please refer to the geography web site for suggestions on program electives.

Geographic Information Science

Students wishing to specialize in Geographic Information Science should take the GEOB/GEOS 270, 370, 479; 372, 472; 373 suite of courses.

Major in Geography (Human Geography)

Lower-level Requirements

Students must take at least 9 credits from GEOG 121, 122, 210, 211, 220, 250, 281 or 290; and 6 credits from GEOB/GEOS1 102*, 103*.

*Students may obtain credit for only one of GEOB/GEOS1 102 or EOSC 112 and only one of GEOB/GEOS1 103 or EOSC 110. See the Science Credit Exclusion List.

GEOB/GEOS1 270 taken in second year will satisfy the Research and Methods (A) requirement but does not count toward 30-credit upper division course requirements.

Upper-level Requirements

At least 30 credits of 300- or 400-level geography (GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1) courses:

  • at least 6 credits from each of the three themes (Cultures and Places, Cities and Globalization, Nature and Society)
  • 6 credits from the Research and Methods theme with 3 credits from concentration A and 3 credits from concentration B

Although some courses (identified in italic type) pertain to more than one theme, NO COURSE can be counted twice to meet credit requirements in Cultures and Places, Cities and Globalization, Nature and Society, or within the A and B categories of the Research and Methods theme.

Students must have at least 42 and no more than 60 GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1 credits in total for the Major.

Cultures and Places
At least 6 credits from: GEOG 321, 327, 328, 329, 352, 380, 390, 391, 395, 396, 419, 423, 426, 429, 439, 456, 481, 484, 485, 493, 495, 4961, 497, 498

Cities and Globalization
At least 6 credits from: GEOG 321, 329, 350, 351, 352, 353, 357, 361, 362, 364, 380, 391, 396, 450, 453, 456, 457, 461, 493, 4961, URST 400

Nature and Society
At least 6 credits from: GEOG 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 316, 318, 319, 351, 361, 395, 396, 410, 412, 419, 423, 4961, 497

1GEOG 496 was cancelled as of September 2019.

Research and Methods
At least 6 credits, including 3 credits from each of A and B:

  • A: GEOB/GEOS1 270, 370, 372, 373, 472, 479, GEOG 374, 450
  • B: GEOG 315, 345, 371, 424, 446, URST 400

1As of 2021S, the course code GEOS replaced the course code GEOB. There were no changes to course content.

Honours in Geography

The Honours program in Geography differs from the Major in two respects: degree of specialization and standing, which must be at least 74% average of all courses taken (for entry and graduation).

Students who are interested in the Honours program should consult the Department before the end of their second year or at the beginning of their third year. Students may declare their Honours program in Geography after completing 54 credits and must do so before completing 72 credits.

Individual Honours programs require the approval of the Department. The total number of Honours students may be restricted to match available teaching resources.

Lower-level Requirements

As for Major in Geography (Human Geography).

Upper-level Requirements

48 credits of geography (GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1) courses numbered 300 and higher, as follows:

  • 3 credits from GEOG 345
  • 3 credits from one of: GEOB/GEOS1 270, 370, 372, 373, or GEOG 374
  • 3 credits from one of: GEOB 371, 456
  • 9 credits from Geography 400-level seminar and research courses:
      Seminar: GEOG 410, 412, 423, 424, 426, 446, 453, 456, 457, 481, 484, 495, 4961
      Research: GEOG 419, 450, GEOB/GEOS1 472, 479
  • 18 credits, 6 from each theme including at least one course with substantial focus on an area beyond North America (eligible courses are marked *):

      Cultures and Places
      At least 6 credits from: GEOG 321*, 327, 328, 329, 352*, 380*, 390, 391*, 395, 396, 419, 422, 423, 424, 426, 429, 456, 481*, 484*, 485*, 493*, 494*, 495, 496*1, 497, 499

      Cities and Globalization
      At least 6 credits from: GEOG 321, 329, 331, 350, 351, 352, 353, 357, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 380, 391, 396, 450, 453, 456, 457, 460, 464, 493, 4961

      Nature and Society
      At least 6 credits from: GEOG 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 318, 319, 351, 361, 363, 395, 396, 410, 412, 419, 423, 460, 464, 4961, 497
  • 12 additional credits

1 GEOG 496 will be cancelled as of September 2019.

Total GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1 credits for an honours program must be no fewer than 63, and within the 120 credits necessary for the B.A., no more than 72.

Although some courses (identified in italic type) pertain to more than one theme, NO COURSE can be counted twice to meet credit requirements in Cultures and Places, Cities and Globalization, Nature and Culture or within A, B, and C categories of the Research and Methods theme.

1As of 2021S, the course code GEOS replaced the course code GEOB. There were no changes to course content.

Minor in Geography (Human Geography)

Lower-level Requirements

As for Major.

Upper-level Requirements

18 credits of geography (GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1) courses numbered 300 and higher, with 6 credits from each theme (Cultures and Places; Cities and Globalization; Nature and Society).

Total GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1 credits for a Minor in Geography (Human Geography) program must be no fewer than 30 and no more than 42, within the 120 credits necessary for the B.A.

1As of 2021S, the course code GEOS replaced the course code GEOB. There were no changes to course content.

Minor in Geography (Environment and Sustainability)

Lower-level Requirements

Students must take 6 credits of GEOG 121, 211 and 3 credits from GEOB/GEOS1 102 or 103.

Upper-level Requirements

21 credits of geography (GEOG/GEOB/GEOS1) courses numbered 300 and higher, as follows:

  • 6 credits of GEOG 313, 314
  • 15 credits from GEOB/GEOS1 302, 303, 307, GEOG 310, 311, 312, 316, 318, 319, 351, 395, 396, 410, 412, 419, 423, 432, 446, 495, 497

1As of 2021S, the course code GEOS replaced the course code GEOB. There were no changes to course content

Minor in Geographic Information Science and Geographical Computation (GIS&GC)

Please see Geographic Information Science and Geographical Computation.

Minor in Urban Studies

Please see Urban Studies.

Page last updated: May 18, 2021

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