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Forest Operations Major

The Forest Operations Major prepares the graduate for a full range of professional responsibilities associated with forest land use. The program includes core courses in forest ecology, stand management, silvicultural systems, forest protection, fisheries, hydrology, wildlife, and integrated resource management that are common to the Forest Resources Management Major.

The major is divided into two main specialization options:

  1. Harvest Planning & Engineering
  2. Commerce (Minor in Commerce)

Harvest Planning and Engineering Specialization (HP&E)

The Harvest Planning and Engineering Specialization offers courses in geotechnical engineering, forest road design and location, planning of forest operations at the stand and landscape levels, engineering and economic analysis of logging systems, and forest transportation systems. Graduates of this specialization have the unique skills that are needed to analyze, plan, and implement a wide range of silviculture, logging, and transportation systems which are key elements in forest management. Some graduates of this specialization choose to take additional courses in mathematics and applied science to obtain eligibility for registration as a professional engineer (P.Eng.) in addition to registration as a professional forester (R.P.F.). Physics 12 would be helpful for students considering this specialization.

Students Entering From Secondary School (HP&E)

First Year
APBI 200 3
ENGL 100-level1 3
BIOL 111, 1212 6
ECON 101 3
MATH 1003 3
MATH 101 3
FRST 100 3
FRST 231 3
FRST 232 3
PHYS 170 3
Total Credits 33
Second Year
FRST 200 3
FRST 201 3
FRST 210 3
FRST 211 3
FRST 239 3
FOPR 264 4
FOPR 388 3
CONS 200 (or 370) 3
Electives 6
Total Credits 31
Plus FRST 3504, 5 or FRST 3514, 5 immediately preceding third year 2
Third Year
FRST 305 3
FRST 307 3
FRST 318 3
FRST 320 3
FRST 339 3
FRST 395 3
FRST 452 2
FOPR 362 3
CIVL 210 4
WOOD 276 3
Restricted elective6 3
Total Credits 32
Fourth Year
FRST 415 3
FRST 424 10
FRST 497 2
WOOD 465 3
WOOD 474 2
WOOD 492 3
FOPR 459 3
FOPR 464 3
Restricted elective6 3
Total Credits 32
1 ENGL 112 recommended.
2 Students with Biology 12 are exempt from BIOL 111. Substitute PHYS 100 if needed (exempt with PHYS 12) or CHEM 111 (exempt with CHEM 12). If none of these courses are needed, an elective may be substituted.
3 Students may take MATH 180 (4 credits) or MATH 110 (6 credits) instead of MATH 100 (3 credits), but the credit difference cannot be applied towards program elective requirements. Students planning to obtain a P.Eng. after graduating require MATH 100 and 101.
4 Credit will be given for only one of FRST 350 or FRST 351.
5 Students will be assigned to the most appropriate course based on their levels of forestry and field experience as determined by the course instructors.
6 Restricted electives are courses within the Faculty of Applied Sciences. See your Program Director for a current list of accepted courses.
Note: Some elective or specialization courses may carry credits in addition to the above table.

Transfer Students (HP&E)

Students entering from first-year university or equivalent must complete all first and second year courses not completed during their previous studies before entering third year. The third and fourth year requirements are the same as listed above.

BC Forestry Technology Graduates (HP&E)

Students entering after graduating with a two year Forestry Technical Diploma from an approved BC college or institute of technology receive exemptions from several first, second, and third year courses. Students enter directly into second year and follow a modified second and third year program. The fourth year program is identical to that specified for students entering directly from secondary school.

Second Year
APBI 200 3
ECON 101 3
ENGL 100-level1 3
PHYS 100 or BIOL 111 or CHEM 1112 3
MATH 1003 3
MATH 101 3
FRST 200 3
FRST 210 3
FRST 231 3
PHYS 170 3
Total Credits 30
Plus FRST 351 immediately preceding third year 2
Third Year
FRST 305 3
FRST 318 3
FRST 339 3
FRST 395 3
FOPR 362 3
CIVL 210 4
CONS 200 or 370 3
FOPR 388 3
WOOD 276 3
Restricted elective4 3
Total Credits 31
Plus FRST 452 immediately following third year 2
1 ENGL 112 is recommended.
2 Select a science subject not taken at the Grade 12 level. Students that require PHYS 170 for their specialization who do not have Physics 12 or its equivalent must complete PHYS 100 prior to completing PHYS 170. If none of these courses are needed, an elective may be substituted.
3 Students may take MATH 180 (4 credits) or MATH 110 (6 credits) instead of MATH 100 (3 credits), but the credit difference cannot be applied toward program elective requirements. Students planning to pursue registration as a professional engineer (P.Eng.) require MATH 100 and 101.
4 Restricted electives are courses within the Faculty of Applied Sciences. See your Program Director for a current list of accepted courses.

Commerce Specialization (Minor in Commerce)

The Commerce Specialization (Minor in Commerce) is intended for students who desire a stronger foundation in the business side of forestry than is available in other specializations within the B.S.F. degree program.

Enrolment in this specialization is limited. Applications for admission can be obtained from the Faculty Student Services and must be submitted by May 15. For an application to be considered, the student must be eligible for at least third-year standing in the Forest Operations Major with a cumulative average of at least 68% and have completed introductory courses in microeconomics (ECON 101 or ECON 310 or their equivalents) and macroeconomics (ECON 102 or ECON 311 or their equivalents).

Students may require an additional term to complete the Minor in Commerce.

Students Entering From Secondary School (Commerce Option)

First Year
APBI 200 3
ENGL 100-level1 3
BIOL 111, 1212 6
ECON 101 3
ECON 102 3
MATH 1003 or 1043 3
MATH 101 or 105 or elective4 3
FRST 100 3
FRST 231 3
FRST 232 3
Total Credits 33
Second Year
FRST 200 3
FRST 201 3
FRST 210 3
FRST 211 3
FRST 239 3
FRST 318 3
FOPR 264 4
FOPR 388 3
CONS 200 (or 370) 3
Elective 3
Total Credits 31
Plus FRST 351 immediately preceding third year 2
Third Year
FRST 305 3
FRST 307 3
FRST 320 3
FRST 339 3
FRST 395 3
FOPR 362 3
COMM 457 3
COMM 329 3
COMM 465 3
COMM 398 or 458 3
Total Credits 30
Plus FRST 452 immediately following third year 2
Fourth Year
FRST 415 3
FRST 424 10
FRST 497 2
WOOD 465 3
WOOD 474 2
WOOD 492 3
FOPR 459 3
COMM 473 3
COMM 493 3
Total Credits 32
1 ENGL 112 recommended.
2 Students with Biology 12 are exempt from BIOL 111. Substitute PHYS 100 if needed (exempt with PHYS 12) or CHEM 111 (exempt with CHEM 12). If none of these courses are needed, an elective may be substituted.
3 Students may take MATH 180 or 184 (4 credits) or MATH 110 (6 credits) instead of MATH 100 or 104 (3 credits), but the credit difference cannot be applied towards program elective requirements.
4 Although recommended, MATH 101/105 is not a prerequisite for other courses listed in this option.
Note: Some elective or specialization courses may carry credits in addition to the above table.

Transfer Students (Commerce Option)

Students entering from first year university or equivalent must complete all first and second year courses not completed during their previous studies before entering third year. The third and fourth year requirements are the same as listed above.

BC Forestry Technology Graduates (Commerce Option)

Students entering after graduating with a two year Forestry Technical Diploma from an approved BC college or institute of technology receive exemptions from several first, second, and third year courses. Students enter directly into second year and follow a modified second and third year program. The fourth year program is identical to that specified for students entering directly from secondary school.

Second Year
APBI 200 3
ENGL 100-level1 3
ECON 101 3
ECON 102 3
PHYS 100 or BIOL 111 or CHEM 1112 3
MATH 100 or 1043 3
FRST 200 3
FRST 210 3
FRST 231 3
FRST 318 3
Total Credits 30
Plus FRST 351 immediately preceding third year 2
Third Year
FRST 305 3
FRST 339 3
FRST 395 3
FOPR 362 3
FOPR 388 3
CONS 200 or 370 3
COMM 457 3
COMM 329 3
COMM 465 3
COMM 398 or 458 3
Total Credits 30
Plus FRST 452 immediately following third year 2
1 ENGL 112 is recommended.
2 Select a science subject not taken at the Grade 12 level. If none of these courses are needed, an elective may be substituted.
3 Students take MATH 180 or 184 (4 credits) or MATH 110 (6 credits) instead of MATH 100 or 104 (3 credits), but the credit difference cannot be applied toward program elective requirements.

Page last updated: July 19, 2017

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