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Degree Requirements

Juris Doctor (program entry September 2012 or later)

Regular Program

The Juris Doctor program requires a student to acquire a minimum of 92 credits in three Winter Sessions in the Allard School of Law. First year consists of compulsory courses totaling 32 credits. The second and third years (or upper years) consist of two Winter Sessions in each of which a minimum of 30 and a maximum of 34 credits shall be taken. Each session consists of two consecutive terms in each of which a minimum of 12 and a maximum of 18 credits shall be taken.

In the upper years, students must take four compulsory courses:

  1. LAW 372 (Administrative Law)
  2. LAW 459 (Business Organizations)
  3. LAW 300 (Jurisprudence and Critical Perspectives)
  4. LAW 468 (Ethics and Professionalism)

A student may not enroll in a course for which another subject is a prerequisite, unless the required course was taken and passed earlier. In special circumstances the Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, in consultation with the Faculty member teaching the subject, may waive this stipulation.

Seminar or Directed Research: A student must undertake, in either the second or third year, at least one independent research project and submit a substantial paper (or series of papers) embodying the results of this research. This obligation usually will be satisfied within a 3 credit seminar but students may fulfill this obligation by completing a project, for at least 3 credits, under LAW 493, 494, 495, or 496 (Directed Research).

Maximum Credits for Experiential Learning: Commencing for students entering second-year Law in September 2017, students are limited to a total of 20 credits of clinical offerings, competitive mooting and Law 486 Law Review Credit; and students may not take more than two clinical offerings during their Juris Doctor program.

Business Law Concentration

During the Juris Doctor program, students may undertake a range of courses (outlined below) that emphasize areas of law which are essential to the practice of business law. This cluster of courses constitutes the "Business Law Concentration."

It is an optional program signaling that students have completed legal studies providing them with a solid theoretical, doctrinal, and practical education in business law.

Business Law Concentration Requirements

To complete a Business Law Concentration, students must complete an additional six mandatory courses and 6 credits from a list of optional courses, as designated by the Director of the Centre for Business Law and listed on the Faculty's website:

    Six mandatory courses:
  • LAW 407 Taxation
  • LAW 437 Commercial Transactions
  • LAW 438 Secured Transactions
  • LAW 451 Trust Law
  • LAW 463 Securities Regulation
  • LAW 466 Business Law Capstone

The Business Law Capstone is designed to draw together all the elements of the business law curriculum, in a practical manner. In order to undertake this course, students must have completed at least five courses from the Business Law Concentration, including Business Organizations (Law 459), Taxation (Law 407), Securities Regulation (Law 463) and other courses from the Concentration comprising at least 6 credits. This course is required for completion of the optional Business Law Concentration.

The Business Law Concentration constitutes approximately 50% of the total upper-year requirements to fulfil the J.D. Program and will be awarded if students complete and pass six mandatory courses in the Concentration and other courses in the Concentration comprising at least six credits.

Other Courses for Credit in the Juris Doctor Program

Students may, in their second and third years (which may include the Summer Sessions between first year, second year, and third year), take courses in other departments and schools of the University for credit in the law school. Such courses may be credited for not more than 6 credits toward the second or third-year credit requirements, but shall not reduce the hours or credits in the winter sessions below the minimum requirement of 30 credits. Each student must receive advance permission to register in such courses from the Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, who will base their judgement on the relevance of the proposed course or seminar to the study of law or to a career in law and of the appropriateness of the proposed course or seminar in the light of the student's course of study in the law school.

Part-Time Students

Ordinarily, part-time students must complete not less than 50% of the normal course load in each academic year. In first year, 50% of the normal course load is 16 credits. In the upper years, 50% of the normal course load is 14 to 17 credits.

Juris Doctor (program entry September 2011 or earlier)

Regular Program

The Juris Doctor program requires a student to acquire a minimum of 92 credits in three Winter Sessions in the Allard School of Law. First year consists of compulsory courses totaling 35 credits. The second and third years (or upper years) consist of two Winter Sessions in each of which a minimum of 28 and a maximum of 34 credits shall be taken. Each session consists of two consecutive terms in each of which a minimum of 12 and a maximum of 18 credits shall be taken.

In the upper years, students must take five compulsory courses, one from each of the following lists:

  1. Public Regulation: LAW 200 Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Law, LAW 210 Administrative Law, LAW 220 Taxation I.
  2. Private Regulation: LAW 230 Business Organizations, LAW 240 Family Law, LAW 250 Trusts.
  3. Procedure: LAW 260 Advanced Criminal Procedure, LAW 270 Civil Procedure, LAW 280 Evidence.
  4. Law and Society Studies: The contents of this list are determined based on available course offerings in a given year.
  5. Legal Research and Writing: LAW 379 Externship and LAW 380 Externship Reflection, LAW 430 Advanced Legal Research, LAW 470 The Innocence Project, LAW 472 Advanced Trial Advocacy, LAW 473 Appellate Advocacy, LAW 474 Trial Advocacy, LAW 483 Competitive Moots and Advocacy A, LAW 484 Competitive Moots Advocacy and Client Counseling B, LAW 485 Client Counseling Competition, LAW 486 Law Review, LAW 488/489 First Nations Legal Clinic, LAW 490 Clinical Criminal Law, LAW 491 Law Students Legal Advice Program.

A student may not enrol in a course for which another subject is a prerequisite, unless the required course was taken and passed earlier. In special circumstances the Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, in consultation with the Faculty member teaching the subject, may waive this stipulation.

Seminar or Directed Research: A student must undertake, in either the second or third year, at least one independent research project and submit a substantial paper (or series of papers) embodying the results of this research. This obligation usually will be satisfied within the seminar program but students may fulfil this obligation by completing a project, for at least 3 credits, under LAW 493, 494, 495, or 496 (Directed Research).

Business Law Concentration

During the Juris Doctor program, students may undertake a range of courses (outlined below) that emphasize areas of law are essential to the practice of business law. This cluster of courses constitutes the "Business Law Concentration."

It is an optional program signaling that students have completed legal studies providing them with a solid theoretical, doctrinal, and practical education in business law.

Business Law Concentration Requirements

To complete a Business Law Concentration, students must take nine out of their required upper year courses in the following way (in addition to the compulsory J.D. courses detailed above):

1. Six courses in at least three of the four Foundational Business Law categories:

Category 1: Business Organisations Law
LAW 230 Corporations I
LAW 460 Corporations II
LAW 462 Close Corporations
Category 2: Business Finance Law
LAW 438 Secured Transactions
LAW 444 Insolvency Law
LAW 465 Introduction to Corporate Finance
Category 3: Business Transaction Law
LAW 328 International Business Transactions
LAW 408 Taxation II
LAW 437 Commercial Transactions
LAW 461 Corporate Transactions
Category 4: Business Policy Law
LAW 310 Economic Analysis of Law
LAW 414 Competition Policy
LAW 463 Securities Regulation
LAW 467 Topics in Corporate Law
    2. Two courses out of one of the following specialized upper-year stream categories:
  • Tax and Trust Law
  • Asian and European Law and Trade
  • Intellectual Property
  • Environmental/Natural Resources Law
  • Labour Relations and Employment Law
  • Dispute Resolution
  • Land Use Law

These specialized upper-year streams cover a broad range of course selections relating to specific aspects of business law at a concentrated or advanced level, and are determined based on available course offerings in a given year. See the Faculty for more information.

3. LAW 466 Business Law Capstone

The Business Law Capstone is designed to draw together all the elements of the business law curriculum, in a practical manner. In order to undertake this course, students must have completed five courses from the Business Law Concentration (15-20 credits), four of those being designated "Foundational" Business Law courses. This course is required for completion of the optional Business Law Concentration.

The Business Law Concentration constitutes approximately 50% of the total upper-year requirements to fulfill the J.D. Program and will be awarded if students complete and pass nine courses as outlined above.

Other Courses for Credit in the Juris Doctor Program

Students may, in their second and third years (which may include the Summer Sessions between first year, second year, and third year), take courses in other departments and schools of the University for credit in the Allard School of Law. Such courses may be credited for not more than 6 credits toward the second- or third-year credit requirements, but shall not reduce the hours or credits in the Winter Sessions below the minimum requirement of 28 credits. Each student must receive advance permission to register in such courses from the Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, who will base their judgement on the relevance of the proposed course or seminar to the study of law or to a career in law and of the appropriateness of the proposed course or seminar in the light of the student's course of study in the law school.

Part-Time Students

Ordinarily, part-time students must complete not less than 50% of the normal course load in each academic year. In first year, 50% of the normal course load is 17 credits. In the upper years, 50% of the normal course load is 14 to 17 credits.

Page last updated: April 12, 2017

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