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Geological Sciences

Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences offers two undergraduate specializations in geology: Major in Geology and Honours in Geological Sciences. For information on graduate degrees, see Geological Sciences.

Either specialization may be used by students who wish to undertake graduate studies or apply for professional registration as a geologist in industry. Students who desire to register as Professional Geoscientists (P.Geo.) after graduating should contact the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of British Columbia to ascertain course and other requirements.

Students taking geology courses may be required to participate in field trips.

For details of other undergraduate Science specializations available in the department, see Atmospheric Science, Earth and Ocean Sciences , Environmental Sciences, Geophysics, and Oceanography. The department also offers Geological Engineering as part of the B.A.Sc. degree program.

Co-operative Education Option

This option integrates academic study and supervised work experience. Enrolment is limited. Admissibility to Major in Geology or Honours Geological Sciences or Combined Honours Geology and another subject is prerequisite for admission. Detailed information is available from Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences or the Science Co-operative Education Office.

Specializations

Major (3193): Geology

First Year
Communication Requirement1 3
CHEM 121 (or 111) 4
CHEM 123 (or 113) 4
EOSC 110, 111, 1162 7
MATH 100 or 102 or 1043 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1054 3
PHYS 117 (or 101 or 107)5 3
PHYS 118 (or 102 or 108)5 3
Total Credits 30
Second Year
Communication Requirement1 3
EOSC 211 or GEOB 2706 3
EOSC 212 3
EOSC 220, 221, 222 9
EOSC 2237 3
Electives8,9 9
Total Credits 30
Third and Fourth Years
EOSC 320, 321, 322 9
EOSC 323 3
EOSC 32810, 329, 330, 332 12
EOSC 333 or 35011 3
Geology Electives12 6
EOSC/ATSC/ENVR 300-level or higher 3
Electives9 24
Total Credits 60
Total credits for the degree 120
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement.
2 Three credits may be deferred until second year. The requirement for these courses may be waived if a student has completed upper-level courses in each of the solid and fluid earth sciences.
3 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
4 MATH 121 may substitute for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit.
5 Students without credit for Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to any other 100-level PHYS courses. PHYS 100 will count as an elective. Qualified students are encouraged to add PHYS 119 or 109 by decreasing electives in other years by 1 credit. Students may delay taking 3 credits of PHYS 100-level to second year.
6 The computation requirements of the Faculty of Science are satisfied by the combination of courses in the major unless GEOB 270 is substituted for EOSC 211, in which case an additional 3 credits of computational science (MATH / STAT / CPSC) must be taken.
7 Includes a field school in May of second year (extra fee to be paid).
8 Students without Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL.
9 Electives must be selected to ensure that the following Faculty of Science requirements are met: a) sufficient credits from the Faculty of Arts, excluding Arts credits used to satisfy the Communication Requirement; b) sufficient credits to satisfy the Breadth Requirement; and c) sufficient upper-level credits including specialization requirements.
10 Field School in May after third year (extra fee to be paid).
11 Students may substitute EOSC 250, but EOSC 350 is recommended.
12 Additional EOSC courses numbered 420-439.

Specialization Objectives

Mastery of the curriculum will provide a thorough background in a wide range of geological sciences:

  1. that students may use towards registration as a Professional Geoscientist (P.Geo.) with the Association of Professional Geoscientists of British Columbia (APEGBC);
  2. that will qualify students for graduate school in geological sciences.

Learning Goals

Students completing this specialization will be able to:

  1. integrate concepts related to the unifying theory of geosciences (plate tectonics) across multiple sub-disciplines within geological sciences and the wider Earth sciences;
  2. identify rocks, minerals, fossils and geological structures in the field and in the laboratory;
  3. demonstrate an ability to systematically map various geological features in the field;
  4. demonstrate an understanding of the varying time scales over which geological processes occur and how those time scales are calibrated;
  5. use numerical problem solving (using computer programming and data manipulation skills) both with models and with real geological data;
  6. write reports and communicate through oral presentations;
  7. demonstrate an understanding of professional ethics and practice in academia and industry from a geological sciences perspective.

Honours (0462): Geological Sciences

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
CHEM 121 (or 111) 4
CHEM 123 (or 113) 4
EOSC 110 or 112 or 114 or 116 3
EOSC 111 1
MATH 100 or 102 or 1042 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1053 3
PHYS 117 (or 101 or 107)4 3
PHYS 118 (or 102 or 108)4 3
Elective5,6 3
Total Credits 33
Second Year
CHEM 201 or 205 3
EOSC 211 or GEOB 270 3
EOSC 212, 220, 221, 222, 2237 15
MATH 200 3
MATH 221 or STAT 200 3
Electives6 9
Total Credits 36
Third and Fourth Years
EOSC 320, 321, 322 9
One of EOSC 327, 333 3
EOSC 323, 3288, 329 9
EOSC 330, 332, 449 12
EOSC 250 or 350 3
Additional EOSC 300-level 3
Additional EOSC 400-level 6
Electives6 18
Total Credits 63
Total Credits for Degree 132
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses, see Communication Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may be substituted for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed and the elective credits decreased by 1. MATH 110 may be substituted for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed and the elective credits decreased by 3.
3 MATH 121 may be substituted for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed and the elective credits decreased by 1.
4 Students without credit for Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to any other 100-level PHYS courses. PHYS 100 will count as an elective. Qualified students are encouraged to add PHYS 119 or to take PHYS 107/108/109 and to decrease elective credits accordingly by 1. Students may delay taking 3 credits of PHYS 100-level to second year.
5 Students without Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL.
6 Electives must be selected to ensure that the following Faculty of Science requirements are met: a) sufficient credits from the Faculty of Arts, excluding Arts credits used to satisfy the Communication Requirement; b) sufficient upper-level credits including specialization requirements.
7 Includes a field school in May of second year (extra fee to be paid).
8 Field School in May after third year (extra fee to be paid).

Specialization Objectives

Honours will provide more depth than the Major. Mastery of the curriculum will provide a thorough background in a wide range of geological sciences:

  1. that will qualify students for graduate school in geological sciences;
  2. that students may use towards registration as a Professional Geoscientist (P.Geo.) with the Association of Professional Geoscientists of British Columbia (APEGBC).

Learning Goals

Students completing this specialization will be able to:

  1. integrate concepts related to the unifying theory of geoscience (plate tectonics) across multiple sub-disciplines within geological science and the wider earth sciences;
  2. identify rocks, minerals, fossils and geological structures in the field and in the laboratory;
  3. demonstrate an ability to systematically map various geological features in the field;
  4. demonstrate an understanding of the geological processes responsible for the transfer of mass and energy within the Earth;
  5. demonstrate an understanding of the varying time scales over which geological processes occur and how those time scales are calibrated;
  6. demonstrate an understanding of the patterns of geological change that occurred over the course of Earth's history;
  7. use numerical problem solving (using computer programming and data manipulation skills) both with models and with real geological data;
  8. define, conduct and present the results of an independent research project;
  9. write reports and communicate through oral presentations;
  10. demonstrate an understanding of professional ethics and practice in academia and industry from a geological sciences perspective.

Combined Honours: Geology and Another Subject (GEOL)

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
CHEM 121 (or 111) 4
CHEM 123 (or 113) 4
EOSC 110 or 112 or 114 or 116 3
EOSC 111 1
MATH 100 or 102 or 1042 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1053 3
PHYS 117 (or 101 or 107)4 3
PHYS 118 (or 102 or 108)4 3
Elective5,6 3
Total Credits 33
Second Year
EOSC 211 or GEOB 270 3
EOSC 212, 220, 221, 222, 2237 15
MATH 200 3
Credits required by other discipline 12
Total Credits 33
Third and Fourth Years
Geology courses numbered 300 and above9 21
EOSC 3288 3
Credits required by other discipline 24
Electives6 12
EOSC 449 or other department 449 6
Total Credits 66
Total Credits for Degree 132
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses, see Communication Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may be substituted for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed and the elective credits decreased by 1. MATH 110 may be substituted for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed and the elective credits decreased by 3.
3 MATH 121 may be substituted for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed and the elective credits decreased by 1.
4 Students without credit for Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to any other 100-level PHYS courses. PHYS 100 will count as an elective. Qualified students are encouraged to add PHYS 119 or to take PHYS 107/108/109 and to decrease elective credits accordingly by 1. Students may delay taking 3 credits of PHYS 100-level to second year.
5 Students without Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL.
6 Electives must be selected to ensure that the following Faculty of Science requirements are met: a) sufficient credits must be from the Faculty of Arts, excluding Arts credits used to satisfy the Communication Requirement; b) sufficient upper-level credits including specialization requirements.
7 Includes a field school in May of second year (extra fee to be paid).
8 Field School in May after third year (extra fee to be paid).
9 EOSC courses numbered 320 to 329, 330 to 339, 340 to 349.

Timetabling and other problems may not permit Combined Honours in Geological Sciences and certain other specializations. Students planning careers in Geological Sciences should consult the departmental advisor for elective courses appropriate to their interests.

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