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Chemistry

The Department of Chemistry offers opportunities for study leading to bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees. For information regarding advanced degrees, see graduate Chemistry. It is assumed that all students entering courses of the Department have passed Chemistry 11 or the equivalent; those who have not must consult the Department before registering.

Students wishing to enter second-year chemistry major, honours, or combined honours specializations must apply using the on-line process administered by the Faculty of Science. Students will receive an email communication regarding the process in late May or early June. Due to the similarity between the major and honours chemistry specializations in second year, the Faculty of Science only admits students directly to either the Major or the Combined Honours. Qualified students wishing to transfer to Honours or into another chemistry specialization should contact the undergraduate advisor for advice. Students accepted to one of the specializations will register using a Standard Timetable (STT) available on the registration system. The progress of continuing chemistry students will be reviewed at the end of each academic year. Students making satisfactory progress do not require annual specialization approval. The Department will contact students with unsatisfactory standing in Honours or Combined Honours.

Co-operative Education Program

Co-operative Education is a process of education which integrates academic study with related and supervised work experience in co-operating employer organizations.

A Co-operative Education program is available for students in Chemistry. The program is intended to help prepare interested and qualified students for research careers in industry with sixteen months of work placement supervised by practising professionals. Faculty advisors also visit students at their place of work and provide advice on technical reports required of all students in the Program.

To be eligible, students must be admissible into the third-year Chemistry B.Sc. program with second-class standing. Admission is by application to the Co-op Office in February prior to third year (transfer students may be considered later). Selection of students will be based on academic performance and general suitability to the work environment as determined by resumé and interview. The total enrolment will be subject to the availability of appropriate work placements and faculty advisors. The work placements are arranged by mutual agreement between students and employing organizations. Participating students register for CHEM 398, 399, 498, or 499 as appropriate, and pay the Co-operative Education Program Fee per course (see Program and Course Fees).

Graduation in the Co-operative Education program requires a student to complete each of CHEM 398, 399, 498, 499, in addition to the normal academic requirements. Students will have each satisfactorily completed course noted on their academic record. Detailed information on the program may be obtained from the Department of Chemistry or from the Co-operative Education Program.

Courses

Comments for First-Year Students

CHEM 111, 113 or CHEM 121, 123 is the normal prerequisite for admission to chemistry specializations. The difference between the two lies in the background of the student: those students with credit for Chemistry 11 only take CHEM 111, 113, whereas those with credit for Chemistry 12 take CHEM 121, 123. In addition, students applying for entrance to chemistry specializations must have completed MATH 100 and MATH 101 (or their equivalents).

Comments for Second-Year Students

Students are required to have completed the equivalent of two one-semester introductory chemistry courses. Students intending to take organic chemistry (CHEM 203/213 or CHEM 233) should be familiar with the organic chemistry content found in CHEM 123.

Comments for Third-Year Students

It is recommended that students taking BIOL 201 (or BIOC 300) should have completed a university-level biology course with cell biology content (e.g., BIOL 200). Major students normally complete the laboratory courses CHEM 325 and CHEM 345 in third year to have prerequisites for the fourth year laboratory course CHEM 445.

Comments for Fourth-Year Students

It is recommended that students taking BIOL 201 (or BIOC 300) should have completed a university-level biology course with cell biology content (e.g., BIOL 200).

Major students are required to take the laboratory course CHEM 445. With permission from the Undergraduate Advisor, CHEM 449 may substitute for CHEM 445 and 3 credits of 400-level CHEM lecture electives. Honours students are required to take CHEM 449.

Laboratory and Tutorial Courses

Students taking any course which has an associated laboratory and/or tutorial must register in these secondary activities in addition to the lecture portion of the course. No exception will be made. Students who believe they may qualify for an exemption from a laboratory (e.g., if repeating the course, or have transfer credit from another institution) are advised to contact the appropriate laboratory instructor directly. Students who miss the first laboratory meeting of a course without having made prior arrangements with the instructor concerned risk having their registration in the course cancelled and their space reallocated to another student.

Specific Focus Areas

Major and honours students may wish to direct their elective credits towards a specific focus area in chemistry. The Department has generated recommendations for course selections designed to build strength in a Specific Focus Area. Students are encouraged to use these recommendations as a guide.

Specializations

Major (0409): Chemistry (CHEM)

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
CHEM 121, 123 (111, 113) 8
MATH 100 or 102 or 1042 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1053 3
PHYS 101, 1024 6
Electives5,6 4
Total Credits 30
Second Year
CHEM 201 3
CHEM 202 3
CHEM 2037 4
CHEM 211 4
CHEM 213, 245 4
MATH 200 3
MATH 221 3
Electives5,6 6
Total Credits 30
Third and Fourth Years
BIOL 2018 3
CHEM 304 3
CHEM 309 3
CHEM 310 3
CHEM 311 3
CHEM 312 3
CHEM 325, 345 4
CHEM 330 (313) 3
CHEM 4459 3
CHEM Electives6,9,10 9
Electives5,6 23
Total Credits 60
Total Credits for Degree11 120
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. SCIE 113 or SCIE 300 may be used to satisfy part of the Communication Requirement but not part of the Arts Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
3 MATH 121 may substitute for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit.
4 PHYS 107, 108, and 109 may substitute for PHYS 101 and 102 by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. Students without Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to PHYS 101 or 107.
5 There are a number of elective credits in this specialization. Even though these electives are assigned in a specific manner over each of the four years of study, they may be redistributed, and thus any extra elective credit taken in first or second year can be applied to the later elective credit requirements. The year level of an elective does not need to correspond to the year level of the specialization. Note that students in honours specializations must complete a minimum of 30 credits in each Winter Session. Students who do not have credit for Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL (usually BIOL 111). Students with credit for Biology 11 or 12 must successfully complete 3 credits of an ASTR, BIOL, EOSC, or GEOB lecture course. Electives must be taken to ensure all Faculty of Science requirements are met: (a) at least 18 credits must be from the Faculty of Arts, which may include Arts credits used to satisfy the Faculty of Science Communication Requirement, (b) an additional 9 credits must be in Arts or Science electives outside the field of the major to satisfy the Breadth Requirement, (c) 18 credits may be taken in any faculty.
6 Students may elect to apply elective credits towards a Specific Focus Area in Chemistry.
7 Students with CHEM 235 and a score of 76% or higher in CHEM 233 may apply for admission to this specialization and will be allowed to use CHEM 233 and 235 in place of CHEM 203.
8 BIOC 202 or BIOC 203 are suitable substitutes for this requirement
9 With permission, CHEM 449 or 6 credits of CHEM 445 may be substituted for 3 credits of CHEM 445 and 3 credits of 400-level CHEM lecture electives.
10 Chosen from 300- and 400- level CHEM lecture courses.
11 At least 48 credits must be 300 or higher level courses.

Honours (0213): Chemistry (CHEM)

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
CHEM 121, 123 (111, 113) 8
MATH 100 or 102 or 1042 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1053 3
PHYS 101, 1024 6
Electives5,6 6
Total Credits 32
Second Year
CHEM 201 3
CHEM 202 3
CHEM 2037 4
CHEM 211 4
CHEM 213, 245 4
MATH 200 3
MATH 221 3
Electives5,6 9
Total Credits 33
Third Year
BIOL 2018 3
CHEM 304 3
CHEM 309 3
CHEM 310 3
CHEM 311 3
CHEM 312 3
CHEM 320 3
CHEM 325, 345 4
CHEM 330 (313) 3
CHEM 333 3
Electives5,6 3
Total Credits 34
Fourth Year
CHEM 449 6
CHEM electives6,9 12
Electives5,6 15
Total Credits 33
Total Credits for Degree10 132
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. SCIE 113 or SCIE 300 may be used to satisfy part of the Communication Requirement but not part of the Arts Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
3 MATH 121 may substitute for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit.
4 PHYS 107, 108, and 109 may substitute for PHYS 101 and 102 by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. Students without Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to PHYS 101 or 107.
5 There are a number of elective credits in this specialization. Even though these electives are assigned in a specific manner over each of the four years of study, they may be redistributed, and thus any extra elective credit taken in first or second year can be applied to the later elective credit requirements. The year level of an elective does not need to correspond to the year level of the specialization. Note that students in honours specializations must complete a minimum of 30 credits in each Winter Session. Students who do not have credit for Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL (usually BIOL 111). Students with credit for Biology 11 or 12 must successfully complete 3 credits of an ASTR, BIOL, EOSC, or GEOB lecture course. At least 18 credits must be from the Faculty of Arts, which may include Arts credits used to satisfy the Faculty of Science Communication Requirement.
6 Students may elect to apply elective credits towards a Specific Focus Area in Chemistry
7 Students with CHEM 235 and a score of 76% or higher in CHEM 233 may apply for admission to this specialization and will be allowed to use CHEM 233 and 235 in place of CHEM 203.
8 BIOC 202 or BIOC 203 are suitable substitutes for this requirement.
9 Chosen from 300- and 400-level CHEM lecture courses. At least 9 credits must be chosen from 400-level CHEM lecture courses.
10 At least 48 credits must be 300 or higher level courses.

Combined Honours (3132): Chemical Biology (CHEM, BIOL)

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
BIOL 112 3
BIOL 121 3
BIOL 140 2
CHEM 121, 123 (111, 113) 8
MATH 100 or 102 or 1042 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1053 3
PHYS 1014 3
Electives5 3
Total Credits 34
Second Year
BIOL 200 3
BIOL 201 3
BIOL 234 3
CHEM 201 3
CHEM 202 3
CHEM 2036 4
CHEM 211 4
CHEM 213, 245 4
MATH 200 3
PHYS 102 3
Total Credits 33
Third Year
BIOC 3027 3
BIOL 3008 3
CHEM 305 3
CHEM 309 3
CHEM 313 3
CHEM 325 2
CHEM 333 3
Two of BIOL 337, 340, 341, 351, 352, 360, CHEM 3459 4-6
BIOL Electives10 3
Electives5,11 6-4
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
BIOL 449 or CHEM 449 6
BIOL and CHEM Electives12 18
Electives5,11 8
Total Credits 32
Total Credits for Degree 132
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. SCIE 113 or SCIE 300 may be used to satisfy part of the Communication Requirement but not part of the Arts Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
3 MATH 121 may substitute for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit.
4 PHYS 107, 108, and 109 may substitute for PHYS 101 and 102 by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. Students without Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to PHYS 101 or 107.
5 There are a number of elective credits in this specialization. Even though these electives are assigned in a specific manner over each of the four years of study, they may be redistributed, and thus any extra elective credit taken in first or second year can be applied to the later elective credit requirements. The year level of an elective does not need to correspond to the year level of the specialization. Note that students in honours specializations must complete a minimum of 30 credits in each Winter Session. Students who do not have credit for Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL (usually BIOL 111). Students with credit for Biology 11 or 12 must successfully complete 3 credits of an ASTR, BIOL, EOSC, or GEOB lecture course. At least 18 credits must be from the Faculty of Arts, which may include Arts credits used to satisfy the Faculty of Science Communication Requirement.
6 Students with CHEM 235 and a score of 76% or higher in CHEM 233 may apply for admission to this specialization and will be allowed to use CHEM 233 and 235 in place of CHEM 203.
7 BIOC 303 may substitute for BIOC 302 by decreasing the third year unspecified electives by 3 credits.
8 STAT 200 may replace BIOL 300.
9 BIOL 326, 363, 404, 409, 437, and 444 may also be included in this list of courses.
10 Chosen from 300- and 400-level BIOL lecture courses. Recommended BIOL electives include BIOL 335, 361, 435, 436, 463.
11 Recommended electives include BIOC 402, 410, BIOL 435 and MICB 405.
12 Chosen from 300- and 400-level BIOL and CHEM lecture courses. At least 6 credits must be chosen from 400-level BIOL lecture courses and at least 6 credits must be chosen from 400-level CHEM lecture courses. Recommended BIOL electives include BIOL 335, 361, 435, 436, 463. Recommended CHEM electives include CHEM 411, 413, 435.

Combined Honours (0206): Chemistry and Mathematics (CHEM, MATH)

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
CHEM 121, 123 (111, 113) 8
MATH 1202 4
MATH 1213 4
PHYS 107, 108, 1094 7
Elective5 4
Total Credits 33
Second Year
CHEM 201 3
CHEM 202 3
CHEM 2036 4
CHEM 211 4
CHEM 213, 245 4
MATH 215 3
MATH 223 (or 221) 3
MATH 226 (or 200)7 3
MATH 227 (or 317) 3
Electives5 3
Total Credits 33
Third Year
CHEM 304 3
CHEM 312 3
CHEM 320 3
CHEM Electives8 6
MATH 3059 3
MATH 320 3
MATH 316 3
MATH 318 3
Electives5 9
Total Credits 33
Fourth Year
CHEM 449 6
CHEM Electives8 6
12 credits from MATH 32110, 322, 323, 400-406, 412, 416-429, 433-440, 443, 449, 450 12
PHYS 301 3
Electives5 6
Total Credits 33
Total Credits for Degree 132
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. SCIE 113 or SCIE 300 may be used to satisfy part of the Communication Requirement but not part of the Arts Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 may substitute for MATH 120. MATH 100 or 102 or 104 may substitute for MATH 120 by increasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
3 MATH 101 or 103 or 105 may substitute for MATH 121 by increasing the electives by 1 credit.
4 PHYS 101 and 102 may substitute for PHYS 107, 108, and 109 by increasing the electives by 1 credit. Students without Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to PHYS 101 or 107.
5 There are a number of elective credits in this specialization. Even though these electives are assigned in a specific manner over each of the four years of study, they may be redistributed, and thus any extra elective credit taken in first or second year can be applied to the later elective credit requirements. The year level of an elective does not need to correspond to the year level of the specialization. Note that students in honours specializations must complete a minimum of 30 credits in each Winter Session. Students who do not have credit for Biology 11 or Biology 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL (usually BIOL 111). Students with credit for Biology 11 or 12 must successfully complete 3 credits of an ASTR, BIOL, EOSC, or GEOB lecture course. At least 18 credits must be from the Faculty of Arts, which may include Arts credits used to satisfy the Faculty of Science Communication Requirement.
6 Students with CHEM 235 and a score of 76% or higher in CHEM 233 may apply for admission to this specialization and will be allowed to use CHEM 233 and 235 in place of CHEM 203.
7 Students who take MATH 200 or who obtain less than 68% in MATH 226 must take MATH 220 and obtain 80% or higher in order to take the required course MATH 320.
8 Chosen from 300- and 400-level CHEM lecture courses. At least 6 credits must be chosen from 400-level CHEM lecture courses. Recommended CHEM courses include CHEM 401, 402, 407, 408, 410, 417.
9 MATH 300, 301 may substitute for MATH 305 by decreasing the unspecified electives by 3 credits.
10 MATH 321 is strongly recommended for students intending to pursue graduate studies in mathematics.

Other Combined Honours Specializations

Combined Honours in Biochemistry and Chemistry, see Biochemistry.

Combined Honours in Chemical Physics, see Physics.

Combined Honours: Chemistry and Another Science Subject

First Year
Communication Requirement1 6
CHEM 121, 123 (111, 113) 8
MATH 100 or 102 or 1042 3
MATH 101 or 103 or 1053 3
PHYS 101, 1024 6
Electives5 6
Total Credits 32
Second Year
CHEM 201 3
CHEM 202 3
CHEM 2036 4
CHEM 211 4
CHEM 213, 245 4
MATH 200 3
Credits chosen in consultation with the other department 9
Electives5 3
Total Credits 33
Third and Fourth Years
CHEM 4497 6
CHEM Electives8 21
Credits chosen in consultation with the other department 27
Electives5 13
Total Credits 67
Total Credits for Degree9 132
1 A total of 6 credits of coursework is required to meet the Communication Requirement. ENGL 112 is recommended. For a full list of acceptable courses see Communication Requirement. SCIE 113 or SCIE 300 may be used to satisfy part of the Communication Requirement but not part of the Arts Requirement.
2 MATH 180 or 184 or 120 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. MATH 110 may substitute for any of the specified differential calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 3 credits.
3 MATH 121 may substitute for any of the specified integral calculus courses listed by decreasing the electives by 1 credit.
4 PHYS 107, 108, and 109 may substitute for PHYS 101 and 102 by decreasing the electives by 1 credit. Students without Physics 12 must take PHYS 100 prior to PHYS 101 or 107.
5 There are a number of elective credits in this specialization. Even though these electives are assigned in a specific manner over each of the four years of study, they may be redistributed, and thus any extra elective credit taken in first or second year can be applied to the later elective credit requirements. The year level of an elective does not need to correspond to the year level of the specialization. Note that students in honours specializations must complete a minimum of 30 credits in each Winter Session. Students who do not have credit for Biology 11 or 12 must take 3 credits of 100-level BIOL (usually BIOL 111). Students with credit for Biology 11 or 12 must successfully complete 3 credits of an ASTR, BIOL, EOSC, or GEOB lecture course. At least 18 credits must be from the Faculty of Arts, which may include Arts credits used to satisfy the Faculty of Science Communication Requirement.
6 Students with CHEM 235 and a score of 76% or higher in CHEM 233 may apply for admission to this specialization and will be allowed to use CHEM 233 and 235 in place of CHEM 203.
7 This may be substituted by an equivalent thesis course in the other department.
8 Chosen from 300- and 400-level CHEM courses, excluding CHEM 448 (which may still be taken as an unspecified elective). At least 6 credits must be chosen from 400-level CHEM lecture courses.
9 At least 48 credits must be 300 or higher level courses.

Minor (1186): Chemistry (CHEM)

Chemistry minor course requirements vary depending on the first area of specialization of the student and must be decided upon in consultation with the Chemistry advisor. A maximum of six credits of overlap between the requirements of the two areas of specialization is allowed.

Students must take 18 upper-level CHEM credits including CHEM 315 but cannot count CHEM 448 towards the minimum requirement of 18 credits. Any additional credits taken to satisfy this requirement may be applied towards electives in the student's specialization.

Biochemistry major and honours specializations include 9 credits of 300-level CHEM lecture courses as well as senior chemistry laboratories. Thus the chemistry minor for these students consists of an additional 12 credits of 300- and 400-level CHEM lecture courses plus 6 credits of overlap.

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