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English Language Proficiency Standards and GRE Requirements

Minimum acceptable English language proficiency scores for applicants to programs in the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies are:

  • CAE (Certificate in Advanced English): B
  • CAEL (Canadian Academic English Language Assessment): overall 70, with 60 on the speaking sub-test
  • CEL (UBC Certificate in English Language): 600
  • CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program)
          CELPIT-A (Academic Reading and Writing): 4L
          CELL (Listening): 4L
          CELTOP (Speaking): 4L
  • CPE (Certificate of Proficiency in English): C
  • IELTS (International English Language Testing System - Academic): 6.5 with no part less than 6.0
  • MELAB (Michigan English Language Assessment Battery): 85 final score, with 3 in the speaking test
  • PTE (Pearson Test of English - Academic): 65 overall score, with 60 reading, 60 writing, 60 listening, and 60 speaking
  • TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)
          either the paper based test: 55 each for reading, listening, and writing, with 4.0 on the
          Test of Written English (TWE);
          or the internet-based test: 90 overall score, with 22 reading, 21 writing, 22 listening, and
          21 speaking

Individual graduate programs may require higher English language proficiency scores, and may require minimum scores on individual components of the test. Translations between the TOEFL scores shown below and results from other tests will be made by the graduate programs concerned, taking guidance from the tables provided by the respective testing agencies: CAEL, CELPIP, IELTS, MELAB and PTE.

Note: The table below receives regular updates throughout the year and outlines the minimum component score.

TOEFL and GRE Requirements

Program Reading/Writing/Listening/Speaking - Component Scores for Internet-based TOEFL Internet-based TOEFL Overall   GRE
Adult Learning and Education (M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Adult Learning and Global Change (M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Ancient Culture, Religion, and Ethnicity (M.A.) 100
Anthropology (Ph.D., M.A.) 25/25/22/22 100
Architecture (M.A.S.A., M.Arch.) 100
Archival Studies (M.A.S.) 100
Archival Studies and Library and Information Studies (M.A.S./M.L.I.S.) 100
Art Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Art History (Ph.D., M.A.) 100
Art History (Critical and Curatorial Studies) (M.A.) 100
Atmospheric Science (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/23 100 Yes1,3
Audiology and Speech Sciences (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 27/29/27/24 106 Yes9
Bioinformatics (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Biomedical Engineering (Ph.D., M.A.Sc.) 93
Botany (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 92
Business Administration, Accounting (Ph.D.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Finance (Ph.D., M.Sc.B.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Management Information Systems (Ph.D., M.Sc.B.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Management Science (Ph.D.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Marketing (Ph.D.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Organizational Behaviour (Ph.D.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Strategy and Business Economics (Ph.D.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Transportation and Logistics (Ph.D., M.Sc.B.) 100 Yes2
Business Administration, Urban Land Economics (Ph.D.) 100 Yes2
Cell and Developmental Biology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 100
Chemistry (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 23/22/23/22 92 Yes
Children's Literature (M.A.) 100
Cinema and Media Studies (Ph.D., M.A.) 100
Civil Engineering (Ph.D., M.A.Sc.) 22/25/22/21 100 Yes1,3
Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology (M.A.) 100
Classics (Ph.D., M.A.) 100
Composition (D.M.A.) 23/22/23/22 93
Community and Regional Planning (M.C.R.P.) 100
Computer Science (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Counselling Psychology (Ph.D., M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 Yes8
Craniofacial Science (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 93
Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Endodontics (Ph.D./Dip., M.Sc./Dip.) 93
Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Orthodontics (Ph.D./Dip., M.Sc./Dip.) 93
Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Pediatric Dentistry (Ph.D./Dip., M.Sc./Dip.) 93
Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Periodontics (Ph.D./Dip., M.Sc./Dip.) 93
Craniofacial Science and Diploma in Prosthodontics (Ph.D./Dip., M.Sc./Dip.) 93
Curriculum and Leadership (M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Curriculum Studies (Ph.D., M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Economics (Ph.D., M.A.) 22/22/22/22 93 Yes10
Educational Administration and Leadership (M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Educational Leadership and Policy (Ed.D.) 22/22/22/22 92
Educational Studies (Ph.D., M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Electrical and Computer Engineering (Ph.D., M.A.Sc.) 100
English (Ph.D., M.A.) 104
Ethnomusicology 93
Experimental Medicine (Ph.D., M.A.) 22/22/22/22 96
Film Production (M.F.A.) 100
Film Production and Creative Writing (M.F.A.) 100
Forestry (Ph.D., M.Sc., M.A.Sc., M.F., M.I.F., M.S.F.M., M.U.F.L.) 23/24/23/22 100
Genetic Counselling (M.Sc.) 26/28/26/23 103
Genome Science and Technology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Geography (Ph.D., M.A., M.Sc.) 100
Geological Engineering (Ph.D., M.A.Sc.) 22/22/22/23 100
Geological Sciences (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/23 100
Geophysics (Ph.D., M.Sc., M.A.Sc.) 22/22/22/23 100
Health, Outdoor, and Physical Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Health Science (M.H.Sc.) 100
Higher Education (M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Home Economics Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Interdisciplinary Oncology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/24/22/22 100
Journalism (M.J.) 104
Kinesiology (Ph.D., M.A., M.Sc., M.Kin., M.H.P.C.T.L.) 23/24/23/26 96
Landscape Architecture (M.L.A., M.A.S.L.A.) 100
Language and Literacy Education (Ph.D.) 22/22/22/22 92
Law (Ph.D) 25/25/25/25 100
Laws (Common Law) (LL.M.(CL)) 25/25/25/21 100
Laws (LL.M) 25/25/25/25 100
Laws in Taxation (LL.M. in Taxation) 25/25/25/21 100
Library and Information Studies (M.L.I.S.) 100
Library, Archival and Information Studies (Ph.D.) 100
Literacy Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Mathematics (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Mathematics Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Measurement, Evaluation, and Research Methodology (Ph.D., M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92 Yes8
Mechanical Engineering (Ph.D., M.A.Sc.) 93 Yes1
Media and Technology Studies Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Medical Genetics (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 24/26/24/24 100
Microbiology and Immunology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 25/25/25/25 100
Modern Languages Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Museum Education (M.M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Music (Ph.D., D.M.A., M.A.) 93 Yes6
Music Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Musicology 93
Music Theory 93
Neuroscience (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Nurse Practitioner (M.N.) 100
Nursing (Ph.D., M.S.N.) 100 Yes8
Occupational and Environmental Hygiene (M.Sc.) 100
Occupational Therapy (M.O.T.) 100
Oceanography (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/23 100
Oceans and Fisheries (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Orchestral Instrument (D.M.A.) 93 Yes
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100 Yes4
Pharmaceutical Sciences (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 100
Pharmacology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 100
Philosophy (Ph.D., M.A.) 100
Physical Therapy (M.P.T.) 100
Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences (M.P.T./Ph.D.) 23/23/23/23 100
Piano (D.M.A.) 93
Planning (Ph.D., M.A.P., M.Sc.P.) 100 Yes1
Political Science (Ph.D., M.A.) 22/25/22/23 92 Yes3,10
Population and Public Health (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Psychology Yes8
Public Health (M.P.H.) 100
Public Health and Nursing (M.P.H./M.S.N.) 100
Public Health and Diploma in Dental Public Health (M.P.H./Dip.) 100 Yes4
Public Policy and Global Affairs (M.P.P.G.A.) 22/22/22/22 100
Rehabilitation Sciences (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 23/23/23/23 100 Yes8
Rehabilitation Sciences (M.R.Sc.) 26/28/26/23 108
Religious Studies (Ph.D., M.A.) 100
Reproductive and Developmental Sciences (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 100
Resources, Environment and Sustainability (Ph.D., M.A., M.Sc.) 24/24/24/24 100
School and Applied Child Psychology (Ph.D., M.A, M.Ed.) 22/22/25/25 100
Science Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Social Studies Education (M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Social Work (Ph.D., M.S.W.) 93
Society, Culture, and Politics in Education (M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Sociology (Ph.D., M.A.) 25/25/22/22 100 Yes7
Special Education (Ph.D., M.A., M.Ed.) Yes3
Statistics (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 100
Teaching English as a Second Language (Ph.D., M.A., M.Ed.) 22/22/22/22 92
Theatre (Ph.D., M.A.) 100
Visual Art (M.F.A.) 100
Voice (D.M.A.) 93
Women+ and Children’s Health Sciences (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 100
Zoology (Ph.D., M.Sc.) 22/22/22/22 97
1 Not mandatory, but strongly recommended.
2 Or GMAT.
3 Ph.D. program only.
4 Applicants from outside North America only.
5 General and subject tests required.
6 Ph.D. programs in Musicology, Music Theory, and Ethnomusicology; M.A. programs in Musicology and Music Theory.
7 For applicants with a degree from a university outside of Canada; results must be from the past 24 months.
8 Required for some applicants. See the degree program entry for detailed information.
9 Applicants with a degree from a university outside of Canada and the USA only.
10 Applicants with a degree from a university outside of Canada only.

Page last updated: May 5, 2022

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